ան-

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See also: -ան and -ան-

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian ան- (an-), from Old Armenian ան- (an-), from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ան- (an-)

  1. privative prefix, un-, -less
    ան- (an-) + ‎արցունք (arcʿunkʿ, tear) → ‎անարցունք (anarcʿunkʿ, tearless)
    ան- (an-) + ‎օժիտ (ōžit, dowry) → ‎անօժիտ (anōžit, without a dowry, portionless)
  2. forming the opposites of adjectives, un-, dis-, a-
    ան- (an-) + ‎համաչափ (hamačʿapʿ, symmetrical) → ‎անհամաչափ (anhamačʿapʿ, asymmetric)
    ան- (an-) + ‎համաձայն (hamajayn, concordant) → ‎անհամաձայն (anhamajayn, discordant)

Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common negative prefix in Armenian.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ան- (an-), from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Prefix[edit]

ան- (an-)

  1. without; -less

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ան- (an-)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Prefix[edit]

ան- (an-)

  1. a privative prefix, without, -less, un-, dis-
    ան- (an-) + ‎տուն (tun, home) → ‎անտուն (antun, homeless)
    ան- (an-) + ‎յոյս (yoys, hope) → ‎անյոյս (anyoys, hopeless)
    ան- (an-) + ‎ազատ (azat, free) → ‎անազատ (anazat, unfree)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: ան- (an-)

References[edit]

  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (2017) , “Armenian”, in Mate Kapović, editor, The Indo-European Languages (Routledge Language Family Series), 2nd edition, London, New York: Routledge, page 426

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂en- (on, onto).

Prefix[edit]

ան- (an-)

  1. on, at, upon
Usage notes[edit]

Unproductive already in Old Armenian.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period]‎[1] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 245