ան-

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See also: -ան and -ան-

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ան-(an-), Middle Armenian ան-(an-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ան- ‎(an-)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns meaning "without (the thing mentioned)"; -less.
    արցունք (arc’unk’) — tear
    անարցունք (arc’unk’) — tearless
    օժիտ (òžit) — dowry
    անօժիտ (anòžit) — without a dowry, portionless
  2. Used to form the opposites of adjectives; un-, dis-.
    համաչափ (hamačap’) — symmetric
    անհամաչափ (anhamačap’) — asymmetric
    համաձայն (hamajayn) — concordant
    անհամաձայն (anhamajayn) — discordant

Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common negative prefix in Armenian.

Derived terms[edit]


Synonyms[edit]


Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ան-(an-).

Prefix[edit]

ան- ‎(an-)

  1. without; -less

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ան-(an-)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Prefix[edit]

ան- ‎(an-)

  1. a privative prefix, without, -less, un-, dis-
    տուն‎ ― tun ― home
    անտուն‎ ― antun ― homeless
    յոյս‎ ― yoys ― hope
    անյոյս‎ ― anyoys ― hopeless
    ազատ‎ ― azat ― free
    անազատ‎ ― anazat ― unfree
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: ան-(an-)
    • Armenian: ան-(an-)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂en-(on, onto).

Prefix[edit]

ան- ‎(an-)

  1. on, at, upon

Usage notes[edit]

Unproductive already in Old Armenian.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 245