-ան

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See also: -ան- and ան-

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably a contamination of the Iranian suffix *-ān(a)- with the Proto-Indo-European *-no-, *-nā- suffix added to the stem vowel *-ā/ə-.

Suffix[edit]

-ան (-an)

  1. found mainly in nouns
  2. instrument-suffix
    տոփանtopʿanrammer
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ան”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Middle Iranian pluralization suffix *-ān, found in Parthian, Middle Persian and Modern Persian. Compare also -անի (-ani).

Suffix[edit]

-ան (-an)

  1. collective suffix
    իշանišandonkeys
    ձիանjianhorses
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ան”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-n̥to, the third-person plural past indicative middle ending of verbs. The -ա- (-a-) of this form is thought to have spread throughout other persons and numbers of the aorist mediopassive indicative paradigm.

Suffix[edit]

-ան (-an)

  1. third-person plural aorist mediopassive indicative ending of verbs
    նստ-անnst-anthey sat
    հայեց-անhayecʿ-anthey looked
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 392