համ-

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See also: համ

Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian համ- (ham-).

Prefix[edit]

համ- (ham-)

  1. same, homo-
  2. con-, co-
  3. whole, pan-

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from various Iranian descendants of Proto-Indo-European *sem- (same): compare Old Persian 𐏃𐎶 (ham), Persian هم(ham)[1] In some cases contaminated with native prefixes inerited from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en- and *sm̥-.[2] The same prefix is found in many terms wholly-borrowed from Iranian, e.g. համակ (hamak), համագունակ (hamagunak), հանգոյն (hangoyn), համակդեն (hamakden), հանդէս (handēs), համհարզ (hamharz).[1] The form հոմ- (hom-) was adapted post-classically by the Hellenizing School based on Ancient Greek ὁμο- (homo-).[1]

Prefix[edit]

համ- (ham-)

  1. same, homo-
    համ- (ham-) + ‎բուն (bun, nature) → ‎համաբնեայ (hamabneay, of the same nature)
  2. whole, pan-
    համ- (ham-) + ‎գունդ (gund, group) → ‎համագունդ (hamagund, in a united company, with all the company)
  3. an intensifying prefix
    համ- (ham-) + ‎լսեմ (lsem, to listen) → ‎համալսեմ (hamalsem, to listen intently)
    համարձակhamarjakbold, free
  4. a pleonastic prefix
    համբառնամhambaṙnamto elevate
    համբերեմhamberemto have patience

Usage notes[edit]

Often used post-classically to calque Ancient Greek words with ὁμός (homós).[1]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Old Armenian words prefixed with հոմ- not found
Category Old Armenian words prefixed with հոմա- not found

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: համ- (ham-)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “համ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 17–19
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 245, 566

Further reading[edit]