عين

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See also: عینand غين

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n), from Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *ʕayVn-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَيَّنَ (ʿayyana) II, non-past يُعَيِّنُ‎‎ (yuʿayyinu) (transitive)

  1. to appoint, to nominate
  2. to define
  3. to designate, to specify
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *ʿayVn-. Synchronically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynf (dual عَيْنَان(ʿaynān), plural عُيُون(ʿuyūn) or أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun))

عين
  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)
    • عَيْنَاىَ (ʿaynāya, dual nom.) — my two eyes
    • عَيْنَاكَ (ʿaynāka, dual nom.) — your (m/sg) two eyes
  2. spring (of water)
    Synonym: جَدْوَل(jadwal)
  3. envy
    Synonym: حَسَد(ḥasad)
  4. spy
    Synonym: جَاسُوس(jāsūs)
  5. (plural أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun)) The thing itself
    Synonyms: نَفْس(nafs), ذَات(ḏāt)
  6. A revered person in the community.
  7. (law) money or whatever is the equivalent of money.
  8. (economics) what has monetary value except money.
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynm

  1. verbal noun of عَانَ(ʿāna) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynf (plural عَيْنَات(ʿaynāt))

  1. Name of the eighteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet (ع(ʿ)), representing the sound /ʕ/
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “عين”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn), from Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *ʿayVn-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عين (Rumi spelling ain, plural عين-عينor عين۲‎, informal 1st possessive عينکو‎, impolite 2nd possessive عينمو‎, 3rd possessive عينڽ‎)

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)

Synonyms[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn).

Noun[edit]

عين (ʿaynf (plural عينين(ʿaynayn) or عيون(ʿyūn))

  1. eye

Usage notes[edit]

  • Though there may be a certain tendency in usage, it is not justified to make a clear distinction between ʿaynayn as a dual and ʿyūn as a plural, because both forms are generally interchangeable. So ʿyūn can be used of one person's eyes and ʿaynayn can be used after numerals. Compare دينه(dayni, ear), which does not even have a "proper" plural form.