عين

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See also: عینand غين

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n), from Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *ʕayVn-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَيَّنَ (ʿayyana) II, non-past يُعَيِّنُ‎‎ (yuʿayyinu) (transitive)

  1. to appoint, to assign, to name, to nominate
  2. to define
  3. to determine, to fix, to identify, to specify
  4. to allocate, to allot, to apportion, to earmark, to itemize, to set aside
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *ʿayVn-. Synchronically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynf (dual عَيْنَان(ʿaynān), plural عُيُون(ʿuyūn) or أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun))

عين
  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)
    • عَيْنَاىَ (ʿaynāya, dual nom.) — my two eyes
    • عَيْنَاكَ (ʿaynāka, dual nom.) — your (m/sg) two eyes
    1. (often preceded by الـ) envy, the evil eye
    2. spy
      Synonym: جَاسُوس(jāsūs)
  2. spring (of water)
    Synonym: جَدْوَل(jadwal)
  3. (plural أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun)) The thing itself
    Synonyms: نَفْس(nafs), ذَات(ḏāt)
  4. A revered person in the community.
  5. (law) money or whatever is the equivalent of money.
  6. (economics) what has monetary value except money.
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • In most senses, the plural is either عُيُون(ʿuyūn) or أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun). In sense 5, أَعْيُن(ʾaʿyun) is the only plural.
  • When referring to envy and the evil eye, عَيْن(ʿayn) often signifies what is regarded as the injurious and damaging supernatural effects of jealousy and envy (for example, seemingly uncurable physical or psychological ailments and a ruined social life), not envy itself, whereas حَسَد(ḥasad) usually refers to grudge and envy, regardless of any harmful effects believed to stem from such feelings. See the usage notes in the entry for حَسَد(ḥasad) for more information.
Descendants[edit]
  • Algerian Arabic: عين(ʕīn)
  • Egyptian Arabic: عين(ʕēn)
  • Gulf Arabic: عين(ʕēn)
  • Libyan Arabic: عين(ʕīn, ʕēn)
  • Maltese: għajn
  • Moroccan Arabic: عين(ʕayn, ʕīn)
  • North Levantine Arabic: عين(ʕayn, ʕēn)
  • South Levantine Arabic: عين(ʕēn)
  • Tunisian Arabic: عين(ʕīn)
  • Malay: عين(ain)
  • Persian: عین(eyn)

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynm

  1. verbal noun of عَانَ(ʿāna) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Morphologically from the root ع ي ن(ʿ-y-n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَيْن (ʿaynf (plural عَيْنَات(ʿaynāt))

  1. Name of the eighteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet (ع(ʿ)), representing the sound /ʕ/
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “عين”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عين (Rumi spelling ain, plural عين-عين or عين۲‎, informal 1st possessive عينکو‎, impolite 2nd possessive عينمو‎, 3rd possessive عينڽ‎)

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)
    Synonym: مات(mata)

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕajn/, /ʕiːn/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

عَيْن or عِين (ʕayn or ʕīnf (dual عَيْنَين(ʕaynayn) or عِينَين(ʕīnayn), plural عيون(ʕyūn) or عَيْنَين(ʕaynayn) or عِينَين(ʕīnayn), diminutive عوينة(ʕwīna))

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)
  2. spring (of water)
  3. envy
    Synonym: حسد(ḥsad)

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

عين (ʕayn, ʕēnf (dual عينتين(ʕayntayn, ʕēntēn), plural عينين(ʕaynayn, ʕēnēn) or عيون(ʕyūn))

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The two plurals are interchangeable. عيون(ʕyūn) sees more usage than عينين(ʕaynayn) in Lebanon.

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ع ي ن

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic عَيَّنَ(ʿayyana).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕaj.jan/, [ˈʕaj.jan]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

عيّن (ʕayyan) (form II, present بعيّن(biʕayyen))

  1. to appoint, to assign, to set
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of عيّن (ʕayyan)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عيّنت (ʕayyant) عيّنت (ʕayyant) عيّن (ʕayyan) عيّننا (ʕayyanna) عيّنتو (ʕayyantu) عيّنو (ʕayyanu)
f عيّنتي (ʕayyanti) عيّنت (ʕayyanat)
present m بعيّن (baʕayyen) بتعيّن (bitʕayyen) بعيّن (biʕayyen) منعيّن (minʕayyen) بتعيّنو (bitʕayynu) بعيّنو (biʕayynu)
f بتعيّني (bitʕayyni) بتعيّن (bitʕayyen)
subjunctive m اعيّن (aʕayyen) تعيّن (tʕayyen) يعيّن (yʕayyen) نعيّن (nʕayyen) تعيّنو (tʕayynu) يعيّنو (yʕayynu)
f تعيّني (tʕayyni) تعيّن (tʕayyen)
imperative m عيّن (ʕayyen) عيّنو (ʕayynu)
f عيّني (ʕayyni)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic عَيْن(ʿayn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕeːn/, [ʕeːn]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

عين (ʕēnf (dual عينتين(ʕēntēn), plural عينين(ʕīnēn) or عيون(ʕyūn))

  1. eye (organ)
Related terms[edit]
  • جفن(jifn, eyelid), حاجب(ḥājeb, eyebrow), رمش(ramš, eyelash)