féin

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See also: fein, fèin, feîn, féin-, and fèin-

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish féin, from Proto-Celtic *swesin (from Proto-Indo-European *swé (oneself)) + *sin (anaphoric pronoun).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /heːnʲ/, /fʲeːnʲ/

Pronoun[edit]

féin

  1. self
    féinmyself (both emphatic and reflexive)
    sinn féinourselves; we ourselves
  2. own
    mo theach féinmy own house
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

féin

  1. even, only
    má tá féineven if it is

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

féin

  1. inflection of féan:
    1. vocative and genitive singular
    2. nominative and dative plural

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
féin fhéin bhféin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, § III.2, pages 75–76

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *swesin (from Proto-Indo-European *swé (oneself)) + *sin (anaphoric pronoun).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

féin

  1. self
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 17b12
      Non·samlafammar frinn fesine.
      We will liken ourselves to ourselves.
  2. (adjectival) one's own

Inflection[edit]

féin fadéin céin cadéin
1 sg. féin fadéin céin cadéin
2 sg. féin fadéin
3 sg. m./n. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
féin
fades(s)in, fadeis(s)in
fadéne
ces(s)in, ceis(s)in cades(s)in, cadeis(s)in
3 sg. f. fes(s)in, feis(s)in, fissin
fes(s)ine, feisine, feis(s)ne
fadisin
fade(is)sne
1 pl. fes(s)ine fanis(s)in canisin
2 pl. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
feis(s)ne
fanis(s)in
3 pl. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
fes(s)ine, feisine, feis(s)ne
fades(s)in, fadeis(s)in, fedesin
fades(s)ine, fadeisine, fadeis(s)ne
ceisne cades(s)in, cadeis(s)in
cades(s)ine, cadeisine, cadesne

Usage notes[edit]

The difference between the féin/céin set and the fadéin/cadéin set appears to be that the latter are contrastively reflexive (‘oneself as opposed to someone else’) while the former do not suggest any contrast. The difference between the f- forms and the c- forms may be that the latter have a connotation of ‘even/also oneself’ that the former do not have.[2]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
féin ḟéin féin
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, § III.2, pages 75–76
  2. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, §§ III.2, III.4, pages 72, 78–83

Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

féin

  1. definite nominative/accusative plural of