-ся

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -сь ‎(-sʹ) (after vowels)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сѧ ‎(), from Proto-Slavic *sę. It is considered the shortened form of себя́ ‎(sebjá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sʲə]
  • IPA(key): [sə] (after т or ть, see usage notes)

Suffix[edit]

-ся ‎(-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes[edit]

  • After a vowel, -ся is usually contracted to -сь, except when attached to an adjectival participle:
    • мы́ться ‎(mýtʹsja, to wash oneself), мо́ется ‎(mójetsja, [he] washes himself)
    • мо́юсь ‎(mójusʹ, [I] wash myself)
    • мы́вшаяся ‎(mývšajasja, [who had] washed herself).
  • When affixed to an infinitive -ть ‎(-tʹ) or the 3rd-person singular or plural ‎(-t), it merges with the /t/ into the affricate /ts/ and palatalization is lost: [tsə].

See also[edit]