-ся

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ся, сѧ, са, and -са

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę.

Suffix[edit]

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is typically assimilated with the ending -ць (infinitive or personal endings), e.g. смяя́цца (smjajácca, to laugh), смяе́цца (smjajécca, (he, she, it) laughs), смяю́цца (smjajúcca, (they) laughs)
Derived terms[edit]



Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -сь (-sʹ) (after vowels)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę. It is considered the shortened form of себя́ (sebjá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sʲə]
  • IPA(key): [sə] (after т or ть, see usage notes)

Suffix[edit]

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes[edit]

  • After a vowel, -ся is usually contracted to -сь, except when attached to an adjectival participle:
    • мы́ться (mýtʹsja, to wash oneself), мо́ется (mójetsja, [he] washes himself)
    • мо́юсь (mójusʹ, [I] wash myself)
    • мы́вшаяся (mývšajasja, having been washing herself).
  • When affixed to an infinitive -ть (-tʹ) or the 3rd-person singular or plural (-t), it merges with the /tʲ/ or /t/ into the affricate /ts/ and palatalization is lost: [tsə].
Derived terms[edit]



Ukrainian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сѧ (), from Proto-Slavic *sę.

Suffix[edit]

-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.
Derived terms[edit]