עצם

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ע־צ־ם

Cognate to Arabic عَظْم ‎(ʿaẓm) and Aramaic עַטְמָא ‎(ʿaṭmā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

עֶצֶם ‎(étsemm ‎(plural indefinite עֲצָמוֹת) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. bone
  2. a thing, object
  3. gist, essence
    זהו עצם העניין.
    zéhu 'étsem ha'inyán.
    That is the essence of the thing.
  4. exact
    וְהֵם חָיוּ בְּאוֹשֶׁר וָעוֹשֶׁר עָד עֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה
    vehém ḥáyu beósher va'ósher 'ad 'étzem hayóm hazé.
    And they lived happily ever after. [literally: And they lived in happiness and wealth to this very day.]
  5. (with possessive suffix) self
    ראיתי את עצמי בראי.
    raíti ét 'atsmí bar'í.
    I saw myself in the mirror.
  6. (philosophy) substance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

עָצַם ‎('atsám) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. to close (one's eyes)
    • אפרת גוש, לראות את האור
      עצמתי עיני אטמתי ליבי

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

עָצַם ‎('atsám) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. (literary) to become mighty