pha

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See also: PHA, phá, and phà

Min Nan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of pha̋-siàn-tò͘, borrowed from Japanese パーセント (pāsento), from English percent.

Noun[edit]

pha (POJ)

  1. (Taiwan) percent

Descendants[edit]

  • Mandarin: ()

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-páa.

Verb[edit]

-phá

  1. to give

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-páa.

Verb[edit]

-phá

  1. to give

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *pʰaː; cognate with Muong pha, Tho [Cuối Chăm] /pʰaː¹/, Arem /pʰæː/ and Chut [Rục] /pʰaː¹/.

Verb[edit]

pha

  1. to mix, to mingle
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French phase.

Noun[edit]

pha

  1. a short, and astonishing and/or exciting, incident
    Vừa rồi quả là một pha ghi bàn ấn tượng!
    That was a nice goal!
    Quả là một pha nhào lộn ấn tượng!
    That was an amazing acrobatic move!
  2. (sciences) a phase; a stage
    Pha của dao động cơ là (ωt+φ), trong đó φ là pha ban đầu.
    The phase of a mechanical oscillation is (ωt+φ), with φ being the phase constant.
    Mỗi nhịp tim có năm pha.
    Each heartbeat involves five stages.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from French phare.

Noun[edit]

pha

  1. (of vehicles) a headlight

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-páa.

Verb[edit]

-phá

  1. (transitive) to give

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-páa.

Verb[edit]

-phá

  1. (transitive) to give, to hand over, to present
    Synonym: -nika

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukupha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukupha ukungaphi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yipha yiphe
Plural yiphani yipheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyapha, ngipha engiphayo, engipha ngipha angiphi engingaphi ngingaphi
2nd singular uyapha, upha ophayo, opha upha awuphi ongaphi ungaphi
1st plural siyapha, sipha esiphayo, esipha sipha asiphi esingaphi singaphi
2nd plural niyapha, nipha eniphayo, enipha nipha aniphi eningaphi ningaphi
Class 1 uyapha, upha ophayo, opha epha akaphi ongaphi engaphi
Class 2 bayapha, bapha abaphayo, abapha bepha abaphi abangaphi bengaphi
Class 3 uyapha, upha ophayo, opha upha awuphi ongaphi ungaphi
Class 4 iyapha, ipha ephayo, epha ipha ayiphi engaphi ingaphi
Class 5 liyapha, lipha eliphayo, elipha lipha aliphi elingaphi lingaphi
Class 6 ayapha, apha aphayo, apha epha awaphi angaphi engaphi
Class 7 siyapha, sipha esiphayo, esipha sipha asiphi esingaphi singaphi
Class 8 ziyapha, zipha eziphayo, ezipha zipha aziphi ezingaphi zingaphi
Class 9 iyapha, ipha ephayo, epha ipha ayiphi engaphi ingaphi
Class 10 ziyapha, zipha eziphayo, ezipha zipha aziphi ezingaphi zingaphi
Class 11 luyapha, lupha oluphayo, olupha lupha aluphi olungaphi lungaphi
Class 14 buyapha, bupha obuphayo, obupha bupha abuphi obungaphi bungaphi
Class 15 kuyapha, kupha okuphayo, okupha kupha akuphi okungaphi kungaphi
Class 17 kuyapha, kupha okuphayo, okupha kupha akuphi okungaphi kungaphi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphile, ngiphē engiphile, engiphē ngiphile, ngiphē angiphanga engingaphanga ngingaphanga
2nd singular uphile, uphē ophile, ophē uphile, uphē awuphanga ongaphanga ungaphanga
1st plural siphile, siphē esiphile, esiphē siphile, siphē asiphanga esingaphanga singaphanga
2nd plural niphile, niphē eniphile, eniphē niphile, niphē aniphanga eningaphanga ningaphanga
Class 1 uphile, uphē ophile, ophē ephile, ephē akaphanga ongaphanga engaphanga
Class 2 baphile, baphē abaphile, abaphē bephile, bephē abaphanga abangaphanga bengaphanga
Class 3 uphile, uphē ophile, ophē uphile, uphē awuphanga ongaphanga ungaphanga
Class 4 iphile, iphē ephile, ephē iphile, iphē ayiphanga engaphanga ingaphanga
Class 5 liphile, liphē eliphile, eliphē liphile, liphē aliphanga elingaphanga lingaphanga
Class 6 aphile, aphē aphile, aphē ephile, ephē awaphanga angaphanga engaphanga
Class 7 siphile, siphē esiphile, esiphē siphile, siphē asiphanga esingaphanga singaphanga
Class 8 ziphile, ziphē eziphile, eziphē ziphile, ziphē aziphanga ezingaphanga zingaphanga
Class 9 iphile, iphē ephile, ephē iphile, iphē ayiphanga engaphanga ingaphanga
Class 10 ziphile, ziphē eziphile, eziphē ziphile, ziphē aziphanga ezingaphanga zingaphanga
Class 11 luphile, luphē oluphile, oluphē luphile, luphē aluphanga olungaphanga lungaphanga
Class 14 buphile, buphē obuphile, obuphē buphile, buphē abuphanga obungaphanga bungaphanga
Class 15 kuphile, kuphē okuphile, okuphē kuphile, kuphē akuphanga okungaphanga kungaphanga
Class 17 kuphile, kuphē okuphile, okuphē kuphile, kuphē akuphanga okungaphanga kungaphanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāpha engāpha ngāpha angiphanga engingaphanga ngingaphanga
2nd singular wāpha owāpha wāpha awuphanga ongaphanga ungaphanga
1st plural sāpha esāpha sāpha asiphanga esingaphanga singaphanga
2nd plural nāpha enāpha nāpha aniphanga eningaphanga ningaphanga
Class 1 wāpha owāpha āpha akaphanga ongaphanga engaphanga
Class 2 bāpha abāpha bāpha abaphanga abangaphanga bengaphanga
Class 3 wāpha owāpha wāpha awuphanga ongaphanga ungaphanga
Class 4 yāpha eyāpha yāpha ayiphanga engaphanga ingaphanga
Class 5 lāpha elāpha lāpha aliphanga elingaphanga lingaphanga
Class 6 āpha āpha āpha awaphanga angaphanga engaphanga
Class 7 sāpha esāpha sāpha asiphanga esingaphanga singaphanga
Class 8 zāpha ezāpha zāpha aziphanga ezingaphanga zingaphanga
Class 9 yāpha eyāpha yāpha ayiphanga engaphanga ingaphanga
Class 10 zāpha ezāpha zāpha aziphanga ezingaphanga zingaphanga
Class 11 lwāpha olwāpha lwāpha aluphanga olungaphanga lungaphanga
Class 14 bāpha obāpha bāpha abuphanga obungaphanga bungaphanga
Class 15 kwāpha okwāpha kwāpha akuphanga okungaphanga kungaphanga
Class 17 kwāpha okwāpha kwāpha akuphanga okungaphanga kungaphanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingapha ngingapha ngingephe ngingephe
2nd singular ungapha ungapha ungephe ungephe
1st plural singapha singapha singephe singephe
2nd plural ningapha ningapha ningephe ningephe
Class 1 angapha engapha angephe engephe
Class 2 bangapha bengapha bangephe bengephe
Class 3 ungapha ungapha ungephe ungephe
Class 4 ingapha ingapha ingephe ingephe
Class 5 lingapha lingapha lingephe lingephe
Class 6 angapha engapha angephe engephe
Class 7 singapha singapha singephe singephe
Class 8 zingapha zingapha zingephe zingephe
Class 9 ingapha ingapha ingephe ingephe
Class 10 zingapha zingapha zingephe zingephe
Class 11 lungapha lungapha lungephe lungephe
Class 14 bungapha bungapha bungephe bungephe
Class 15 kungapha kungapha kungephe kungephe
Class 17 kungapha kungapha kungephe kungephe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokupha engizokupha ngizokupha angizukupha ngingezukupha
2nd singular uzokupha ozokupha uzokupha awuzukupha ungezukupha
1st plural sizokupha esizokupha sizokupha asizukupha singezukupha
2nd plural nizokupha enizokupha nizokupha anizukupha ningezukupha
Class 1 uzokupha ozokupha ezokupha akazukupha engezukupha
Class 2 bazokupha abazokupha bezokupha abazukupha bengezukupha
Class 3 uzokupha ozokupha uzokupha awuzukupha ungezukupha
Class 4 izokupha ezokupha izokupha ayizukupha ingezukupha
Class 5 lizokupha elizokupha lizokupha alizukupha lingezukupha
Class 6 azokupha azokupha ezokupha awazukupha engezukupha
Class 7 sizokupha esizokupha sizokupha asizukupha singezukupha
Class 8 zizokupha ezizokupha zizokupha azizukupha zingezukupha
Class 9 izokupha ezokupha izokupha ayizukupha ingezukupha
Class 10 zizokupha ezizokupha zizokupha azizukupha zingezukupha
Class 11 luzokupha oluzokupha luzokupha aluzukupha lungezukupha
Class 14 buzokupha obuzokupha buzokupha abuzukupha bungezukupha
Class 15 kuzokupha okuzokupha kuzokupha akuzukupha kungezukupha
Class 17 kuzokupha okuzokupha kuzokupha akuzukupha kungezukupha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokupha engiyokupha ngiyokupha angiyukupha ngingeyukupha
2nd singular uyokupha oyokupha uyokupha awuyukupha ungeyukupha
1st plural siyokupha esiyokupha siyokupha asiyukupha singeyukupha
2nd plural niyokupha eniyokupha niyokupha aniyukupha ningeyukupha
Class 1 uyokupha oyokupha eyokupha akayukupha engeyukupha
Class 2 bayokupha abayokupha beyokupha abayukupha bengeyukupha
Class 3 uyokupha oyokupha uyokupha awuyukupha ungeyukupha
Class 4 iyokupha eyokupha iyokupha ayiyukupha ingeyukupha
Class 5 liyokupha eliyokupha liyokupha aliyukupha lingeyukupha
Class 6 ayokupha ayokupha eyokupha awayukupha engeyukupha
Class 7 siyokupha esiyokupha siyokupha asiyukupha singeyukupha
Class 8 ziyokupha eziyokupha ziyokupha aziyukupha zingeyukupha
Class 9 iyokupha eyokupha iyokupha ayiyukupha ingeyukupha
Class 10 ziyokupha eziyokupha ziyokupha aziyukupha zingeyukupha
Class 11 luyokupha oluyokupha luyokupha aluyukupha lungeyukupha
Class 14 buyokupha obuyokupha buyokupha abuyukupha bungeyukupha
Class 15 kuyokupha okuyokupha kuyokupha akuyukupha kungeyukupha
Class 17 kuyokupha okuyokupha kuyokupha akuyukupha kungeyukupha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphe ngingaphi
2nd singular uphe ungaphi
1st plural siphe singaphi
2nd plural niphe ningaphi
Class 1 aphe angaphi
Class 2 baphe bangaphi
Class 3 uphe ungaphi
Class 4 iphe ingaphi
Class 5 liphe lingaphi
Class 6 aphe angaphi
Class 7 siphe singaphi
Class 8 ziphe zingaphi
Class 9 iphe ingaphi
Class 10 ziphe zingaphi
Class 11 luphe lungaphi
Class 14 buphe bungaphi
Class 15 kuphe kungaphi
Class 17 kuphe kungaphi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngapha angipha
2nd singular wapha awupha
1st plural sapha asipha
2nd plural napha anipha
Class 1 wapha akapha
Class 2 bapha abapha
Class 3 wapha awupha
Class 4 yapha ayipha
Class 5 lapha alipha
Class 6 apha awapha
Class 7 sapha asipha
Class 8 zapha azipha
Class 9 yapha ayipha
Class 10 zapha azipha
Class 11 lwapha alupha
Class 14 bapha abupha
Class 15 kwapha akupha
Class 17 kwapha akupha

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]