tho

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (when stressed)
    • (UK) IPA(key): /ðəʊ/
    • (file)
    • (US) IPA(key): /ðoʊ/
    • Rhymes: -əʊ
  • (when unstressed)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tho, tha, from Old English þā pl (the, those), from Proto-Germanic *þai (those), from Proto-Indo-European *to-, *só (that). Cognate with Saterland Frisian do pl (the).

Article[edit]

tho

  1. (obsolete, West Country) The (plural form); those.

Pronoun[edit]

tho

  1. (obsolete) Those; they.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English tho, tha, from Old English þā (then, when), from Proto-Germanic *þa- (that), from Proto-Indo-European *to-, *só (that). See also German da (then, thereupon).

Adverb[edit]

tho (not comparable)

  1. (now dialectal) Then; thereupon.
    • 1481, William Caxton, The History Reynard the Foxː
      Tho went I near and found Master Reynard, that had left that he first read and sang, and began to play his old play.
    • 1579, Edmund Spenser, The Shepheardes Calenderː Januaryeː
      Tho to a hill his faynting flocke he ledde.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.2:
      Tho, her avizing of the vertues rare / Which thereof spoken were, she gan againe / Her to bethink of that mote to her selfe pertaine.
    • 1642, Henry More, Song Soulː
      Tho I gan closely on his person look.

Conjunction[edit]

tho

  1. (dialectal) When.

Etymology 3[edit]

Mostly found in American English; alteration of though. Compare tho'.

Adverb[edit]

tho (not comparable)

  1. (informal, chiefly US) Alternative spelling of though
    • 2009, John Hough, Seen the Glory: A Novel of the Battle of Gettysburg[1], Simon and Schuster, →ISBN, page 121:
      I wonder now when I will find time to read it but it is a treasure anyway tho heavy in my knapsack, …

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sa, *sō, *þat.

Article[edit]

tho

  1. the
    • 1562, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq
      omnibus vero dictionibus praeponebat articulum tho aut the
      but to all utterances one prefixes the article tho or the

Usage notes[edit]

While it is likely that Crimean Gothic retained grammatical gender, de Busbecq's letter does not mention which articles are used with which words, making it impossible to reconstruct their gender.


Middle English[edit]

Article[edit]

tho

  1. the
    • c. 1449-1455, Reginald Pecock, Represser of over-much weeting of the Clergie
      sithen if tho thre be sufficiently improued , that is to seie , if it be sufficientli proued that tho thre ben noust and vntrewe and badde

Old Saxon[edit]

Adverb[edit]

thô

  1. then

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tho (not comparable)

  1. though, however

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

tho

  1. Aspirate mutation of to.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
to do nho tho
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.