κατά

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See also: κατα-, κατά-, and κᾷτα

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥-teh₂, from *ḱóm. Cognate with Hittite [script needed] (katta, down from, at, with, under) and perhaps Old Welsh cant (with).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (+ genitive)

  1. downwards, down from
  2. into
  3. against

κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (+ accusative)

  1. downwards
  2. along, through, in
  3. towards
  4. during
  5. for, for the purpose of
  6. according to, in conformity with

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: κατά (katá)
  • Latin: cata (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek κᾰτά (katá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

κατά (katá)

  1. (with genitive) versus, against
    Έγινε έγκλημα κατά της Ελλάδας!Égine égklima katá tis Elládas!Crimes were committed against Greece!
  2. (with accusative) towards
    Το δωμάτιο βλέπει κατά την ανατολή.To domátio vlépei katá tin anatolí.The room faces towards the east
  3. (with accusative) during
    κατά τη διάρκεια του ταξιδιούkatá ti diárkeia tou taxidioúduring the trip
  4. (with accusative) around, about, close to
    Θα έρθω κατά τις έξι το απόγευμα.Tha értho katá tis éxi to apógevma.I will come at about six pm.
  5. (with accusative) according
    κατά τον Γιώργο ...katá ton Giórgo ...according to George ...

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]