κατά

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See also: κατα- and κατά-

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥-teh₂, from *ḱóm. Cognate with Hittite [script needed](katta, down from, at, with, under) and perhaps Old Welsh cant(with).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (+ genitive)

  1. downwards, down from
  2. into
  3. against

κᾰτᾰ́ (katá) (+ accusative)

  1. downwards
  2. along, through, in
  3. towards
  4. during
  5. for, for the purpose of
  6. according to, in conformity with

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: κατά(katá)
  • Latin: cata (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek κᾰτά(katá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

κατά (katá)

  1. (with genitive) versus, against
    Έγινε έγκλημα κατά της Ελλάδας!‎ ― Égine énklima katá tis Elládas!Crimes were committed against Greece!
  2. (with accusative) towards
    Το δωμάτιο βλέπει κατά την ανατολή.‎ ― To domátio vlépei katá tin anatolí.The room faces towards the east
  3. (with accusative) during
    κατά τη διάρκεια του ταξιδιού‎ ― katá ti diárkeia tou taxidioúduring the trip
  4. (with accusative) around, about, close to
    Θα έρθω κατά τις έξι το απόγευμα.‎ ― Tha értho katá tis éxi to apógevma.I will come at about six pm.
  5. (with accusative) according
    κατά τον Γιώργο ...‎ ― katá ton Giórgo ...according to George ...

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]