wend

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See also: Wend

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English wenden, from Old English wendan (to turn, change, translate), from Proto-Germanic *wandijaną (to turn), causative of Proto-Germanic *windaną (to wind), from Proto-Indo-European *wendʰ- (to turn, wind, braid). Cognate with Dutch wenden (to turn), German wenden (to turn, reverse), Danish vende (to turn), Norwegian Bokmål vende (to turn), Norwegian Nynorsk venda (to turn), Swedish vända (to turn, turn over, veer, direct), Icelandic venda (to wend, turn, change), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wandjan, to cause to turn). Related to wind (Etymology 2).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wend (third-person singular simple present wends, present participle wending, simple past and past participle wended or (archaic) went)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To turn; change, to adapt.
  2. (transitive) To direct (one's way or course); pursue one's way; proceed upon some course or way.
    We wended our weary way westward.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To turn; make a turn; go round; veer.
    • c. 1611, Walter Raleigh, A Discourse on the Invention of Ships &c.
      with the prowe at both ends, so as they need not to wend or hold water
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To pass away; disappear; depart; vanish.

Usage notes[edit]

The modern past tense of wend is wended. Originally it was went, similarly to pairs such as send/sent, spend/spent, lend/lent, rend/rent, or blend/blent. However, went was co-opted as the past tense of go (replacing Early Modern English and Middle English yede, Old English eode) and using it as the past tense of wend is now considered archaic.

The modern usage of wend is almost always accompanied by way.[1]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

wend (plural wends)

  1. (obsolete, UK, law) A large extent of ground; a perambulation; a circuit[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arika Okrent (2019-07-05), “12 Old Words That Survived by Getting Fossilized in Idioms”, in Mental Floss[1], Pocket, retrieved 2021-10-08
  2. ^ 1859, Alexander Mansfield, Law Dictionary

Further reading[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German wint, from Proto-Germanic *windaz. Cognate with German Wind, Dutch wind, English wind, Icelandic vindur, Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds).

Noun[edit]

wend m

  1. (Rimella and Campello Monti) wind

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wend

  1. first-person singular present indicative of wenden
  2. imperative of wenden

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

wend

  1. singular imperative of wenden

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

wend

  1. Alternative form of wynd