wend

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See also: Wend

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English wenden, from Old English wendan (to turn, direct, wend one’s way, go, return, change, alter, vary, restore, happen, convert, translate), from Proto-Germanic *wandijaną (to turn), causative of Proto-Germanic *windaną (to wind), from Proto-Indo-European *wendʰ- (to turn, wind, braid). Cognate with Dutch wenden (to turn), German wenden (to turn, reverse), Danish vende (to turn), Swedish vända (to turn, turn over, veer, direct), Icelandic venda (to wend, turn, change), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wandjan, to cause to turn). Related to wind.

Verb[edit]

wend (third-person singular simple present wends, present participle wending, simple past and past participle wended or archaic went)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To turn; change.
  2. (transitive) To direct (one's way or course); pursue one's way; proceed upon some course or way.
    We wended our weary way westward.
    • Surrey
      Great voyages to wend.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To turn; make a turn; go round; veer.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Raleigh to this entry?)
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To pass away; disappear; depart; vanish.

Usage notes[edit]

The modern past tense of wend is wended. Originally it was went, similarly to pairs such as send/sent, spend/spent, lend/lent, rend/rent, or blend/blent. However, went was long ago coöpted as the past tense of go (replacing Old English eode) and using it as the past tense of wend is now considered archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

wend (plural wends)

  1. (obsolete, UK, law) A large extent of ground; a perambulation; a circuit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wend

  1. first-person singular present indicative of wenden
  2. imperative of wenden