scyld

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Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier scield.

Noun[edit]

sċyld m

  1. Alternative form of scield

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *skuldiz (guilt), from Proto-Indo-European *skel- (to be guilty, be obligated, owe). Cognate with Old Frisian schuld, Old Saxon skuld (crime, due), Old High German sculd (German Schuld), Old Norse skuld. Related to shall, should.

Noun[edit]

sċyld f

  1. guilt, sin
    Hē bæd his sċylde forġiefnesse. — He begged forgiveness for his sins.
  2. debt, obligation, liability, due
    Hē þā sċyld forlēt wiþ hine. — He forgave the debt against him.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]
ealdres sċyldiġ (having forfeited his life: liable, responsible, in debt to)
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", scyld et al.
  • Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.). scyld. Retrieved December 9, 2011, from http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/027109