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Alternative forms[edit]


Contraction of *dēhibeō, from dē- +‎ habeō (have). See the same contraction in dēbilis. Compare the later formed dēhabeō.



dēbeō (present infinitive dēbēre, perfect active dēbuī, supine dēbitum); second conjugation

  1. to owe something, to be under obligation to and for something
    Synonyms: amō, obligor (passive voice of obligō only)
  2. to be bound, in duty bound to do something; "ought", "must", "should"
  3. to be owed, to be due (when in passive voice)
  4. to have or keep from someone (in its original, etymological sense)


   Conjugation of dēbeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbeō dēbēs dēbet dēbēmus dēbētis dēbent
imperfect dēbēbam dēbēbās dēbēbat dēbēbāmus dēbēbātis dēbēbant
future dēbēbō dēbēbis dēbēbit dēbēbimus dēbēbitis dēbēbunt
perfect dēbuī dēbuistī dēbuit dēbuimus dēbuistis dēbuērunt,
pluperfect dēbueram dēbuerās dēbuerat dēbuerāmus dēbuerātis dēbuerant
future perfect dēbuerō dēbueris dēbuerit dēbuerimus dēbueritis dēbuerint
passive present dēbeor dēbēris,
dēbētur dēbēmur dēbēminī dēbentur
imperfect dēbēbar dēbēbāris,
dēbēbātur dēbēbāmur dēbēbāminī dēbēbantur
future dēbēbor dēbēberis,
dēbēbitur dēbēbimur dēbēbiminī dēbēbuntur
perfect dēbitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēbitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēbitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbeam dēbeās dēbeat dēbeāmus dēbeātis dēbeant
imperfect dēbērem dēbērēs dēbēret dēbērēmus dēbērētis dēbērent
perfect dēbuerim dēbuerīs dēbuerit dēbuerīmus dēbuerītis dēbuerint
pluperfect dēbuissem dēbuissēs dēbuisset dēbuissēmus dēbuissētis dēbuissent
passive present dēbear dēbeāris,
dēbeātur dēbeāmur dēbeāminī dēbeantur
imperfect dēbērer dēbērēris,
dēbērētur dēbērēmur dēbērēminī dēbērentur
perfect dēbitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēbitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbē dēbēte
future dēbētō dēbētō dēbētōte dēbentō
passive present dēbēre dēbēminī
future dēbētor dēbētor dēbentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēbēre dēbuisse dēbitūrum esse dēbērī dēbitum esse dēbitum īrī
participles dēbēns dēbitūrus dēbitus dēbendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dēbendī dēbendō dēbendum dēbendō dēbitum dēbitū


Derived terms[edit]



  • debeo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • debeo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • debeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to owe gratitude to; to be under an obligation to a person: gratiam alicui debere
    • to owe some one money: pecuniam alicui debere
    • the debtor: debitor, or is qui debet
    • the creditor: creditor, or is cui debeo
    • from this it appears, is apparent: ex quo intellegitur or intellegi potest, debet
    • there is nothing strange in that: neque id mirum est or videri debet
  • debeo in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016



Inherited from Proto-Slavic *debelъ.


  • IPA(key): /děbeo/
  • Hyphenation: de‧be‧o


dèbeo (definite dèbelī, comparative dȅbljī, Cyrillic spelling дѐбео)

  1. fat
  2. thick