oportet

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For *op-vortet (see Pokorny reference below), from ob- +‎ verto. Compare ligo, vincio for other examples of words meaning to turn or bind, having derivatives with the sense of obliging.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

oportet (present infinitive oportēre, perfect active oportuit); second conjugation, impersonal, no passive

  1. (with accusative) it is necessary, proper, becoming; it behooves.
    oportet nos patriam amare — it behooves us to love our country.
    non te oportebat illi argentum reddere — you ought not to have paid him the money.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of oportet (second conjugation, impersonal, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present oportet
imperfect oportēbat
future oportēbit
perfect oportuit
pluperfect oportuerat
future perfect oportuerit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present oporteat
imperfect oportēret
perfect oportuerit
pluperfect oportuisset
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present
future oportētō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives oportēre oportuisse
participles oportens
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
oportēre oportendī oportendō oportendum

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]