負う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

負う (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana おう, rōmaji ou)

  1. to bear, to carry on one's back
  2. to assume or take a responsibility
    • 1917, 豊島与志雄, 田原氏の犯罪:
       (しか) (きみ) (しゅ) (にん) (てん) (いん)として (いっ) (ぱん) (せき) ()なければならない。
      Shikashi kimi mo shunin ten'in toshite ippan no seki wa owanakereba naranai.
      Still, you must accept part of the responsibility as the managing shop assistant.
  3. to be in a debt of gratitude
  4. to suffer an injury
    • 1924, 岡本綺堂, 青蛙堂鬼談:
       (いもうと) (ぜん) (しん)大火傷 (おおやけど) ()って (むし) (いき)であった。
      Imōto wa zenshin ni ōyakedo o otte mushi no iki de atta.
      My younger sister was at death's door after suffering terrible burns on her entire body.

Conjugation[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō