負う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "負う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
負う [òú]
Imperative (命令形) 負え [òé]
Key constructions
Passive 負われる われる [òwárérú]
Causative 負わせる わせる [òwásérú]
Potential 負える える [òérú]
Volitional 負おう [òóꜜò]
Negative 負わない わない [òwánáí]
Negative perfective 負わなかった わなかった [òwánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 負います いま [òímáꜜsù]
Perfective 負った った [òttá]
Conjunctive 負って って [òtté]
Hypothetical conditional 負えば [òéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (outransitive godan (stem () (oi), past ()った (otta))

  1. to bear, to carry on one's back
  2. to assume or take a responsibility
    • 1917, 豊島与志雄, 田原氏の犯罪:
      (しか)(きみ)主任店員(しゅにんてんいん)として一半(いっぱん)(せき)()なければならない。
      Shikashi kimi mo shunin ten'in toshite ippan no seki wa owanakereba naranai.
      Still, you must accept part of the responsibility as the managing shop assistant.
  3. to be in a debt of gratitude
  4. to suffer an injury
    • 1924, 岡本綺堂, 青蛙堂鬼談:
      (いもうと)全身(ぜんしん)大火傷(おおやけど)()って(むし)(いき)であった。
      Imōto wa zenshin ni ōyakedo o otte mushi no iki de atta.
      My younger sister was at death's door after suffering terrible burns on her entire body.

Conjugation[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō