audeo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *awid-ēje- (to be greedy, want very much), whence also avidus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

audeō (present infinitive audēre, perfect active ausus sum); second conjugation, semi-deponent

  1. I dare, venture, risk
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.1
      Quam diu quisquam erit qui te defendere audeat, vives, et vives ita ut nunc vivis, multis meis et firmis praesidiis obsessus ne commovere te contra rem publicam possis. Multorum te etiam oculi et aures non sentientem, sicut adhuc fecerunt, speculabuntur atque custodient.
      As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, you shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic: many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, though you shall not perceive them.
    • 20 BCE – 14 BCE, Horace, Epistles 1.40
      Sapere aude.
      Dare to be wise.
  2. (poetic) I am eager for battle.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of audeo (second conjugation, semi-deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present audeō audēs audet audēmus audētis audent
imperfect audēbam audēbās audēbat audēbāmus audēbātis audēbant
future audēbō audēbis audēbit audēbimus audēbitis audēbunt
perfect ausus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ausus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ausus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present audeam audeās audeat audeāmus audeātis audeant
imperfect audērem audērēs audēret audērēmus audērētis audērent
perfect ausus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ausus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present audē audēte
future audētō audētō audētōte audentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives audēre ausus esse ausūrus esse
participles audēns ausus ausūrus

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • audeo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers