crouch

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See also: Crouch

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English crouchen, crucchen, crouken (to bend, crouch), variant of croken (to bend, crook), from crok (crook, hook), from Old Norse krókr (hook), from Proto-Germanic *krōkaz (hook), from Proto-Indo-European *gerg- (wicker, bend), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to turn, wind, weave). Compare Middle Dutch krōken (to crook, curl). More at crook.

Verb[edit]

crouch (third-person singular simple present crouches, present participle crouching, simple past and past participle crouched)

  1. (intransitive) To bend down; to stoop low; to stand close to the ground with legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear.
    We crouched behind the low wall until the squad of soldiers had passed by.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, chapter 2, in Jacob's Room:
      Archer and Jacob jumped up from behind the mound where they had been crouching with the intention of springing upon their mother unexpectedly, and they all began to walk slowly home.
  2. (intransitive) To bend servilely; to stoop meanly; to fawn; to cringe.
    • (Can we date this quote by Wordsworth?)
      a crouching purpose
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare?)
      Must I stand and crouch / Under your testy humour?
  3. (intransitive) To bend, or cause to bend, as in humility or fear.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

crouch (plural crouches)

  1. A bent or stooped position.
    The cat waited in a crouch, hidden behind the hedge.
  2. (Should we delete(+) this sense?) A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) whose only or main current function is that when it is pressed causes a video game character to crouch.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English crouche, cruche, from Old English crūċ (cross). Compare Old Saxon krūci (cross), Old High German chrūzi (cross).

Noun[edit]

crouch (plural crouches)

  1. (obsolete) A cross.

Verb[edit]

crouch (third-person singular simple present crouches, present participle crouching, simple past and past participle crouched)

  1. (obsolete) To sign with the cross; bless.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]