ith

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See also: , , -ið, and íð

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From i +‎ -th.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ith
  • Sometimes written as i'th or i-th

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ith (not comparable)

  1. (mathematics) Occurring at position i in a sequence.
Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Pitman ess and ish, which it is related to phonetically and graphically, and the sound it represents.

Noun[edit]

ith (plural iths)

  1. The letter ⟨(⟩, which stands for the th sound (/θ/) in Pitman shorthand.
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *its, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs (from, out of). Related to Lithuanian ìš, Latvian iz and Old Prussian is. The change in meaning is a part of the wider sematic shift of prepositions (see nga); the old meaning is preserved in the prefix sh- (partially influenced by a homonymous prefix of Latin origin continuing Latin dis-).[1]

Adverb[edit]

ith

  1. (obsolete) behind

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ith”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 154

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ithid (eats, bites, devours; grazes), from Proto-Celtic *ɸiteti, from Proto-Indo-European *peyt-. The future stem is from Old Irish ·íss, from Proto-Celtic *ɸiɸitsāti.

The occasional Munster past tense form duaidh is from Old Irish ·dúaid (deuterotonic do·fúaid), from dí- + fo- + Proto-Celtic *ed-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ith (present analytic itheann, future analytic íosfaidh, verbal noun ithe, past participle ite)

  1. eat

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ith n-ith hith not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "ith" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ithid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • Finck, F. N. (1899), Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 136.
  • Holmer, Nils M. (1962). The Dialects of Co. Clare, part I. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, p. 151.
  • Ó Buachalla, Breandán (2003). An Teanga Bheo: Gaeilge Chléire. Dublin: Institiúid Teangeolaíochta Éireann, →ISBN, p. 82.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸitu, from Proto-Indo-European *peyt- (food, nutrition); from the root of ithid (to eat). Cognate with Welsh ŷd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ith n (genitive etho, no plural)

  1. corn, grain
Declension[edit]
Neuter u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ithN
Vocative ithN
Accusative ithN
Genitive ethoH, athoH
Dative ithL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ioth

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ith

  1. second-person singular imperative of ithid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ith unchanged n-ith
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ithid (eats, bites, devours; grazes), from Proto-Celtic *ɸiteti, from Proto-Indo-European *peyt-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ith (past dh'ith, future ithidh, verbal noun ithe, past participle ithte)

  1. eat
    Ith do leòr!Bon appetit!
    Ith, òl agus bi subhach!Eat, drink, and be merry!

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ith” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ithid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language