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See also: iss, ISS, īss, İSS, -iss, and -iss-

Old Irish[edit]




  1. first-person singular future conjunct of ithid


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·íss unchanged ·n-íss
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *īsaz, a variant of *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyH-. Compare Old English īs, Old Frisian īs, Old Saxon īs, Old High German īs.


íss m

  1. ice
  2. (poetic, kenning) sword
    • 1066, Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 14, in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 55-6., retrieved at the Skaldic Database
      Hôtt bað mik, þars mœttusk,
      menskorð bera forðum,
      Hlakkar íss ok hausar,
      hjalmstall í gný malma.
      The necklace-pole [WOMAN] told me earlier
      to hold the helmet-support [HEAD] high
      in the clamour of swords [BATTLE]
      where Hlǫkk’s ice [SWORD] and skulls met.


Derived terms[edit]


  • Icelandic: ís
  • Faroese: ísur
  • Norwegian Bokmål: is
  • Elfdalian: ais
  • Old Swedish: īs
    • Swedish: is
  • Danish: is
  • Gutnish: eis, h'eis