Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁eyH-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₁eyH-[1][2][3][4]

  1. ice, frost

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₁eyH-kos[3]
    • Indo-Iranian: *Haykʰas (with laryngeal metathesis)
      • Iranian: *Hayxah (ice), *Haysah (cold(ness))
        • Central Iranian:
          • Avestan: 𐬀𐬉𐬑𐬀(aēxa, ice), 𐬌𐬯𐬎(isu, icy, coldness)
            • Middle Persian: [Book Pahlavi needed] (ʾys /*ēs, *īs/, coldness)
        • Northeastern Iranian:
          • Ossetian:
            Digor: ех (ex)
            Iron: их (ix)
          • Sogdian: [Term?] (/*yaxn/)
            Christian Sogdian: ܝܟܢܘ(yxnw /yaxn/, ice)
            Buddhist Sogdian: [script needed] (yyδγn /(y)ēδxān/, icebox, glaicier), [script needed] (ynγynʾk /yanxēnē/, icy)
            Manichaen Sogdian: 𐫏𐫑𐫗𐫏𐫏(yxnyy /yaxnē/, left over food)
            • Yagnobi: ех (ex)
            • Pashto: يخني(yaxní, cold; frost; pottage, soupe)
            • Persian: یخنی(yaxnī, a kind of food; cold cooked meat;)
              • Arabic: يخني(yaḵni, stew)
        • Southeastern Iranian:
          • Pashto: يخۍ(yaxáy) (maybe from Persian), اسۍ(asáy, hoar-frost; fog; mis)
          • Shughni–Yazgulami:
            • Sarikoli: [script needed] (īš, coldness)
          • Munji-Yidgha:
            • Yidgha: یاخ(yāx, cold)
        • Northwestern Iranian:
          • Baluchi: یخ(yax, cold; ice), لخ(lux, icy) (possibly)
          • Caspian:
            • Gilaki: یخ(yəx, ice)
            • Mazanderani: یخ(yax, ice)
          • Median:
        • Southwestern Iranian:
          • Middle Persian: [Term?]:
            Pazand 𐬫𐬀𐬑(yax, ice)
            • Persian: یخ(yax, ice)
  • *h₁iH-n̥-yós[2][4]
  • *h₁éyH-s-om (< *h₁éyH-s-os ~ *h₁iH-és-os?)[3]
    • Germanic: *īsą (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 287a
  2. 2.0 2.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*jь̀nьjь; *jь̀nьje”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 213
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*īsa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 271
  4. 4.0 4.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 252