սառն

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սառն (saṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn) (superlative ամենասառն)

  1. cold, cool
    սառը ջուրsaṙə ǰurcold water
    սառն աշունsaṙn ašuncold autumn
  2. (figuratively) unfriendly, cold

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱar-n, from *ḱer-, *ḱel- (to freeze, become cold). Cognate with Old Norse hjarn (hard frozen snow, frozen earth covered with snow); Lithuanian šerkšnas (rime, hoarfrost), Latvian sērsna (snow crust). Further cognate with Sanskrit शिशिर (śiśira, cold, coolness), Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬙𐬀 (sarəta, cold), Middle Persian slt' (sard) (Persian سرد (sard, cold)), Middle Persian slmʾk' (sarmāg) (Persian سرما (sarmā, coldness)), Lithuanian šarmà (hoarfrost), Old Church Slavonic слана (slana, hoarfrost) and слота (slota, bad weather) and Old Norse héla (hoarfrost).

Noun[edit]

սառն (saṙn)

  1. ice
    հատոր սառանցhator saṙancʿpiece or block of ice
  2. glazed frost
  3. crystal

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն (saṙn)

  1. cold, frozen

Declension[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “սառն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “սառն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “սառն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “սառն”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik