սառն

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • սառ ‎(saṙ) (colloquial)
  • սառը ‎(saṙə) (before consonants)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սառն ‎(saṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն ‎(saṙn) ‎(superlative ամենասառն)

  1. cold, cool
    սառը ջուր‎ ― saṙə ǰur ― cold water
    սառն աշուն‎ ― saṙn ašun ― cold autumn
  2. (figuratively) unfriendly, cold

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • սառ ‎(saṙ) (dialectal)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱar-n, from *ḱer-, *ḱel- ‎(to freeze, become cold). Cognate with Old Norse hjarn ‎(hard frozen snow, frozen earth covered with snow); Lithuanian šerkšnas ‎(rime, hoarfrost), Latvian sērsna ‎(snow crust). Further cognate with Sanskrit शिशिर ‎(śiśira, cold, coolness), Avestan [script needed] ‎(sarəta-, cold), Middle Persian slt' ‎(sard) (Persian سرد ‎(sard, cold)), Middle Persian slmʾk' ‎(sarmāg) (Persian سرما ‎(sarmā, coldness)), Lithuanian šarmà ‎(hoarfrost), Old Church Slavonic слана ‎(slana, hoarfrost) and слота ‎(slota, bad weather) and Old Norse héla ‎(hoarfrost).

Noun[edit]

սառն ‎(saṙn)

  1. ice
    հատոր սառանց‎ ― hator saṙancʿ ― piece or block of ice
  2. glazed frost
  3. crystal

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

սառն ‎(saṙn)

  1. cold, frozen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “սառն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “սառն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “սառն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “սառն”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5