-ann

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See also: ann, Ann, ANN, Ánn, ann., and Ann.

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -eann (slender form)
  • -aíonn (second-conjugation form (broad))
  • -íonn (second-conjugation form (slender))
  • -nn (first conjugation form (contracted))

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish -ann, -and, -enn, -end, where it was a third-person singular present conjunct ending. It started as part of the root in prototonic verb forms like ·éirenn (pays), ·fothlann (removes), ·tesband (is lacking), ·tadbann (shows), ·fuband (attacks), ·dérband (prevents) and was later reinterpreted as an ending.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ann

  1. ending of the present indicative analytic verb form

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form is attached to first-conjugation verbs ending in a broad consonant;
  • Used with the second person singular and plural, and third person singular and plural, followed by the pronouns , , , sibh, and siad:
    póg + ‎-ann → ‎pógann (kiss/kisses)
    vótáil + ‎-ann → ‎vótálann (vote/votes)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim McCone, The Early Irish Verb (Maynooth 1987, →ISBN), pp. 224–27.