sibh

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sib (compare Scottish Gaelic sibh, Manx shiu, from Proto-Celtic *swiswis (compare Welsh chwichwi), a reduplicated form of *swīs (you, ye) (see Old Irish síi), from Proto-Indo-European *wos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sibh (emphatic form sibhse, conjunctive and disjunctive)

  1. you (plural), ye/you
    Bhí sibh ansin.You were there.
    Cloisim sibh.I hear you.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike many European languages, Modern Irish does not distinguish between "familiar" and "polite" second-person pronouns. Sibh is used to address two or more people, regardless of how well known those people are to the speaker. It is no longer used to address one single person.
  • The emphatic form sibhse is also used as the vocative: Haigh sibhse! — "Hey you (all)!"

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sib. Cognates include Irish sibh and Manx shiu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sibh

  1. ye, you (polite and/or plural)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • sibh” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “sib”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language