thusa

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See also: thûsa

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Synchronically, thú +‎ -sa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

thusa

  1. emphatic form of thú
    you (singular) (yourself); thou/thee (thyself) (disjunctive)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

thusa m

  1. chaff
  2. husk of grain

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

thu (you) +‎ -sa

Pronoun[edit]

thusa

  1. you (informal singular)

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • thu (non-emphatic)

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-thúsa

  1. (transitive) to frighten

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-thúsa

  1. (intransitive) to startle, to surprise
  2. (intransitive) to frighten, to scare, to shock

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukuthusa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuthusa ukungathusi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular thusa thuse
Plural thusani thuseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyathusa, ngithusa engithusayo, engithusa ngithusa angithusi engingathusi ngingathusi
2nd singular uyathusa, uthusa othusayo, othusa uthusa awuthusi ongathusi ungathusi
1st plural siyathusa, sithusa esithusayo, esithusa sithusa asithusi esingathusi singathusi
2nd plural niyathusa, nithusa enithusayo, enithusa nithusa anithusi eningathusi ningathusi
Class 1 uyathusa, uthusa othusayo, othusa ethusa akathusi ongathusi engathusi
Class 2 bayathusa, bathusa abathusayo, abathusa bethusa abathusi abangathusi bengathusi
Class 3 uyathusa, uthusa othusayo, othusa uthusa awuthusi ongathusi ungathusi
Class 4 iyathusa, ithusa ethusayo, ethusa ithusa ayithusi engathusi ingathusi
Class 5 liyathusa, lithusa elithusayo, elithusa lithusa alithusi elingathusi lingathusi
Class 6 ayathusa, athusa athusayo, athusa ethusa awathusi angathusi engathusi
Class 7 siyathusa, sithusa esithusayo, esithusa sithusa asithusi esingathusi singathusi
Class 8 ziyathusa, zithusa ezithusayo, ezithusa zithusa azithusi ezingathusi zingathusi
Class 9 iyathusa, ithusa ethusayo, ethusa ithusa ayithusi engathusi ingathusi
Class 10 ziyathusa, zithusa ezithusayo, ezithusa zithusa azithusi ezingathusi zingathusi
Class 11 luyathusa, luthusa oluthusayo, oluthusa luthusa aluthusi olungathusi lungathusi
Class 14 buyathusa, buthusa obuthusayo, obuthusa buthusa abuthusi obungathusi bungathusi
Class 15 kuyathusa, kuthusa okuthusayo, okuthusa kuthusa akuthusi okungathusi kungathusi
Class 17 kuyathusa, kuthusa okuthusayo, okuthusa kuthusa akuthusi okungathusi kungathusi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngithusile, ngithusē engithusile, engithusē ngithusile, ngithusē angithusanga engingathusanga ngingathusanga
2nd singular uthusile, uthusē othusile, othusē uthusile, uthusē awuthusanga ongathusanga ungathusanga
1st plural sithusile, sithusē esithusile, esithusē sithusile, sithusē asithusanga esingathusanga singathusanga
2nd plural nithusile, nithusē enithusile, enithusē nithusile, nithusē anithusanga eningathusanga ningathusanga
Class 1 uthusile, uthusē othusile, othusē ethusile, ethusē akathusanga ongathusanga engathusanga
Class 2 bathusile, bathusē abathusile, abathusē bethusile, bethusē abathusanga abangathusanga bengathusanga
Class 3 uthusile, uthusē othusile, othusē uthusile, uthusē awuthusanga ongathusanga ungathusanga
Class 4 ithusile, ithusē ethusile, ethusē ithusile, ithusē ayithusanga engathusanga ingathusanga
Class 5 lithusile, lithusē elithusile, elithusē lithusile, lithusē alithusanga elingathusanga lingathusanga
Class 6 athusile, athusē athusile, athusē ethusile, ethusē awathusanga angathusanga engathusanga
Class 7 sithusile, sithusē esithusile, esithusē sithusile, sithusē asithusanga esingathusanga singathusanga
Class 8 zithusile, zithusē ezithusile, ezithusē zithusile, zithusē azithusanga ezingathusanga zingathusanga
Class 9 ithusile, ithusē ethusile, ethusē ithusile, ithusē ayithusanga engathusanga ingathusanga
Class 10 zithusile, zithusē ezithusile, ezithusē zithusile, zithusē azithusanga ezingathusanga zingathusanga
Class 11 luthusile, luthusē oluthusile, oluthusē luthusile, luthusē aluthusanga olungathusanga lungathusanga
Class 14 buthusile, buthusē obuthusile, obuthusē buthusile, buthusē abuthusanga obungathusanga bungathusanga
Class 15 kuthusile, kuthusē okuthusile, okuthusē kuthusile, kuthusē akuthusanga okungathusanga kungathusanga
Class 17 kuthusile, kuthusē okuthusile, okuthusē kuthusile, kuthusē akuthusanga okungathusanga kungathusanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāthusa engāthusa ngāthusa angithusanga engingathusanga ngingathusanga
2nd singular wāthusa owāthusa wāthusa awuthusanga ongathusanga ungathusanga
1st plural sāthusa esāthusa sāthusa asithusanga esingathusanga singathusanga
2nd plural nāthusa enāthusa nāthusa anithusanga eningathusanga ningathusanga
Class 1 wāthusa owāthusa āthusa akathusanga ongathusanga engathusanga
Class 2 bāthusa abāthusa bāthusa abathusanga abangathusanga bengathusanga
Class 3 wāthusa owāthusa wāthusa awuthusanga ongathusanga ungathusanga
Class 4 yāthusa eyāthusa yāthusa ayithusanga engathusanga ingathusanga
Class 5 lāthusa elāthusa lāthusa alithusanga elingathusanga lingathusanga
Class 6 āthusa āthusa āthusa awathusanga angathusanga engathusanga
Class 7 sāthusa esāthusa sāthusa asithusanga esingathusanga singathusanga
Class 8 zāthusa ezāthusa zāthusa azithusanga ezingathusanga zingathusanga
Class 9 yāthusa eyāthusa yāthusa ayithusanga engathusanga ingathusanga
Class 10 zāthusa ezāthusa zāthusa azithusanga ezingathusanga zingathusanga
Class 11 lwāthusa olwāthusa lwāthusa aluthusanga olungathusanga lungathusanga
Class 14 bāthusa obāthusa bāthusa abuthusanga obungathusanga bungathusanga
Class 15 kwāthusa okwāthusa kwāthusa akuthusanga okungathusanga kungathusanga
Class 17 kwāthusa okwāthusa kwāthusa akuthusanga okungathusanga kungathusanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingathusa ngingathusa ngingethuse ngingethuse
2nd singular ungathusa ungathusa ungethuse ungethuse
1st plural singathusa singathusa singethuse singethuse
2nd plural ningathusa ningathusa ningethuse ningethuse
Class 1 angathusa engathusa angethuse engethuse
Class 2 bangathusa bengathusa bangethuse bengethuse
Class 3 ungathusa ungathusa ungethuse ungethuse
Class 4 ingathusa ingathusa ingethuse ingethuse
Class 5 lingathusa lingathusa lingethuse lingethuse
Class 6 angathusa engathusa angethuse engethuse
Class 7 singathusa singathusa singethuse singethuse
Class 8 zingathusa zingathusa zingethuse zingethuse
Class 9 ingathusa ingathusa ingethuse ingethuse
Class 10 zingathusa zingathusa zingethuse zingethuse
Class 11 lungathusa lungathusa lungethuse lungethuse
Class 14 bungathusa bungathusa bungethuse bungethuse
Class 15 kungathusa kungathusa kungethuse kungethuse
Class 17 kungathusa kungathusa kungethuse kungethuse
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizothusa engizothusa ngizothusa angizuthusa ngingezuthusa
2nd singular uzothusa ozothusa uzothusa awuzuthusa ungezuthusa
1st plural sizothusa esizothusa sizothusa asizuthusa singezuthusa
2nd plural nizothusa enizothusa nizothusa anizuthusa ningezuthusa
Class 1 uzothusa ozothusa ezothusa akazuthusa engezuthusa
Class 2 bazothusa abazothusa bezothusa abazuthusa bengezuthusa
Class 3 uzothusa ozothusa uzothusa awuzuthusa ungezuthusa
Class 4 izothusa ezothusa izothusa ayizuthusa ingezuthusa
Class 5 lizothusa elizothusa lizothusa alizuthusa lingezuthusa
Class 6 azothusa azothusa ezothusa awazuthusa engezuthusa
Class 7 sizothusa esizothusa sizothusa asizuthusa singezuthusa
Class 8 zizothusa ezizothusa zizothusa azizuthusa zingezuthusa
Class 9 izothusa ezothusa izothusa ayizuthusa ingezuthusa
Class 10 zizothusa ezizothusa zizothusa azizuthusa zingezuthusa
Class 11 luzothusa oluzothusa luzothusa aluzuthusa lungezuthusa
Class 14 buzothusa obuzothusa buzothusa abuzuthusa bungezuthusa
Class 15 kuzothusa okuzothusa kuzothusa akuzuthusa kungezuthusa
Class 17 kuzothusa okuzothusa kuzothusa akuzuthusa kungezuthusa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyothusa engiyothusa ngiyothusa angiyuthusa ngingeyuthusa
2nd singular uyothusa oyothusa uyothusa awuyuthusa ungeyuthusa
1st plural siyothusa esiyothusa siyothusa asiyuthusa singeyuthusa
2nd plural niyothusa eniyothusa niyothusa aniyuthusa ningeyuthusa
Class 1 uyothusa oyothusa eyothusa akayuthusa engeyuthusa
Class 2 bayothusa abayothusa beyothusa abayuthusa bengeyuthusa
Class 3 uyothusa oyothusa uyothusa awuyuthusa ungeyuthusa
Class 4 iyothusa eyothusa iyothusa ayiyuthusa ingeyuthusa
Class 5 liyothusa eliyothusa liyothusa aliyuthusa lingeyuthusa
Class 6 ayothusa ayothusa eyothusa awayuthusa engeyuthusa
Class 7 siyothusa esiyothusa siyothusa asiyuthusa singeyuthusa
Class 8 ziyothusa eziyothusa ziyothusa aziyuthusa zingeyuthusa
Class 9 iyothusa eyothusa iyothusa ayiyuthusa ingeyuthusa
Class 10 ziyothusa eziyothusa ziyothusa aziyuthusa zingeyuthusa
Class 11 luyothusa oluyothusa luyothusa aluyuthusa lungeyuthusa
Class 14 buyothusa obuyothusa buyothusa abuyuthusa bungeyuthusa
Class 15 kuyothusa okuyothusa kuyothusa akuyuthusa kungeyuthusa
Class 17 kuyothusa okuyothusa kuyothusa akuyuthusa kungeyuthusa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngithuse ngingathusi
2nd singular uthuse ungathusi
1st plural sithuse singathusi
2nd plural nithuse ningathusi
Class 1 athuse angathusi
Class 2 bathuse bangathusi
Class 3 uthuse ungathusi
Class 4 ithuse ingathusi
Class 5 lithuse lingathusi
Class 6 athuse angathusi
Class 7 sithuse singathusi
Class 8 zithuse zingathusi
Class 9 ithuse ingathusi
Class 10 zithuse zingathusi
Class 11 luthuse lungathusi
Class 14 buthuse bungathusi
Class 15 kuthuse kungathusi
Class 17 kuthuse kungathusi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngathusa angithusa
2nd singular wathusa awuthusa
1st plural sathusa asithusa
2nd plural nathusa anithusa
Class 1 wathusa akathusa
Class 2 bathusa abathusa
Class 3 wathusa awuthusa
Class 4 yathusa ayithusa
Class 5 lathusa alithusa
Class 6 athusa awathusa
Class 7 sathusa asithusa
Class 8 zathusa azithusa
Class 9 yathusa ayithusa
Class 10 zathusa azithusa
Class 11 lwathusa aluthusa
Class 14 bathusa abuthusa
Class 15 kwathusa akuthusa
Class 17 kwathusa akuthusa

References[edit]