Esan's synthetic conjugation is entirely unrelated etymologically to the non-finite forms, instead it uses a stem -io- to conjugate synthetically. However, some of the synthetic forms are archaic, so more often you will see periphrastic forms being used instead.
- For example,
- Zer diozu? = Zer esaten duzu? = What do you say?
- Zer ziotsun? = Zer esan zizun? = What did he tell you?
esan m (plural esans)
- (sex): esna
- This is the emphatic form.
- e (non-emphatic)