Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search



From Ottoman Turkish قالمق (kalmak, to halt, cease moving, remain, remain behind, be left, to wait, to be deficient), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (kal-, to remain), from Proto-Turkic *Kiāl- (to stay behind, remain).[1]


kalmak (third-person singular simple present kalır)

  1. (intransitive) to remain, be left; to be left over
  2. (intransitive) to come to a halt, reach a standstill
  3. (intransitive) to wait, stay, camp
  4. (intransitive) to spoil, go bad, sour
  5. (intransitive, with ablative case) to fail (a class), flunk
  6. (intransitive, with dative case) to be postponed to
  7. (intransitive, with locative case) to be covered with
  8. (intransitive, auxiliary) Expresses continuous action when used with verbal adverbs (those with -a, -e, -ıp, -ip, -up, -üp)



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*Kiāl-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill