Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/kiāl-

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This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Turkic[edit]

Verb[edit]

kiāl-

  1. (intransitive) to stay behind, remain

Descendants[edit]

  • Medieval
    • Karakhanid: قَلْماقْ(qalmāq)
    • Old Turkic
    • Kipchak
      • Kipchak: [script needed] (qal-)
      • Mamluk-Kipchak: [script needed] (qal-)
    • Khorezmian: [script needed] (qal-)
  • Oghuz
  • Kipchak
  • Karluk
  • Siberian
  • Oghur

Further reading[edit]

  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*Kiāl-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “kal-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 615