qalmaq

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic галмаг
Roman qalmaq
Perso-Arabic قالماق

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kiāl-mak (to stay behind, remain).[1]

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰴𐰞(qal-, to be left (behind)), Old Uyghur [script needed] (qal-, to remain), Karakhanid قَلْماقْ(qalmāq, to remain), Turkish kalmak (to remain, stay), Bashkir ҡалыу (qalïw, to remain), Chagatai [script needed] (qalmaq, to remain), Chuvash юлма (julma, to remain), Kazakh қалу (qalw, to remain), Khakas халарға (xalarğa, to remain), Kipchak [Arabic needed] (qal-, to remain, stay), Kyrgyz калуу (kaluu, to remain), Tatar калу (qalu, to remain), Turkmen gālmak (to remain), Tuvan калыр (kalır, to remain, stay), Uyghur قالماق(qalmaq, to remain), Uzbek qolmoq (to remain, stay), Yakut хаал (xaal, to remain, stay).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡɑɫˈmɑχ]
  • Hyphenation: qal‧maq

Verb[edit]

qalmaq

  1. (intransitive) to stay
    Heç kim qalmadı, hamı çıxıb getdi.
    No one stayed, everyone left.
  2. (intransitive) to remain, be left; to be left over
    • 2015 October, “Quş nəslinin sonuna çıxan tək bir pişik.”, in Bunabax5[1]:
      Uça bilməyən quşlar isə bu sıçovullar üçün asan yemə çevrildilər və bir müddət sonra o quşlardan demək olar ki bir dənəsi də qalmadı
      Whereas the birds unable to fly turned into easy catch for the rats, and practically not a single one of those birds remained after a while.
  3. (intransitive) to live, stay, reside
    • 2014 May, İlqar Rəsul, “Şuşa xatirələri”, in Lenta.az[2]:
      Hər yayı Şuşada dincəlirdik balaca vaxt. Orda qohumlarımız var idi. Düz iki ay orda qalırdıq
      We would go on a short vaccation to Shusha every summer. We had relatives there. We used to live there for exactly two months.
    bir yerdə qalmaq
    to live together
    Synonym: yaşamaq
  4. (intransitive, with dative case) to be postponed to
    İşimizin həlli qaldı sonraya.
    The solution for our issue is postponed to later.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*Kiāl-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill