-lar

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See also: lar, lär, làr, lár, lår, lár-, LAr, and LAR

Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] (-lar), of uncertain origin, but thought to be of Common Turkic origin that was absent from Proto-Turkic, as it is not found in the sister Oghur branch (namely Chuvash). Often thought to be derived from a grammaticalized form of *olar (modern onlar (they)), from ol (modern o (it, he, she)) + *-ar (hypothesized by some to be the original Common Turkic plural suffix).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-lar

  1. Used to form plurals of nouns.
    kurbağakurbağalar
    Bu ülkede daima Mustafa'lar olacak. - There will always be people like Mustafa in this country.
    Amcamlar bize gelecek. - My uncle and his family will come to us.

Usage notes[edit]

  • It's used when the noun's last vowel is a back vowel.
  • When the noun's last vowel is a front vowel, "-ler" is used instead.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stefan Georg (June 1989), “Some thoughts on the etymology of the Turkic plural suffix -lar/-ler”, in Altaica Osloensia: Proceedings from the 32nd Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference[1], Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, pages 141–152

Uzbek[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lar (-лар)

  1. Used to form plurals of nouns.
    • kitoblar
      "books"
  2. Suffix to show respect for the noun attached.
    • otamlar
      "my father, (a person whom I respect)"
  3. (when attached to numbers) about ..., around ..., approximately ...
    • soat uchlarda
      "Around 3 o'clock"