-lar

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See also: lar, lär, làr, lár, lår, lár-, LAr, and LAR

Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] (-lar), of uncertain origin, but thought to be of Common Turkic origin that was absent from Proto-Turkic, as it is not found in the sister Oghur branch (namely Chuvash). Often thought to be derived from a grammaticalized form of *olar (modern onlar (they)), from ol (modern o (it, he, she)) + *-ar (hypothesized by some to be the original Common Turkic plural suffix).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-lar

  1. Used to form plurals of nouns.
    kurbağa + ‎-lar → ‎kurbağalar
    Bu ülkede daima Mustafa'lar olacak.There will always be people like Mustafa in this country.
    Amcalarım bize gelecek.My uncle and his family will come to us.

Usage notes[edit]

  • It's used when the noun's last vowel is a back vowel.
  • When the noun's last vowel is a front vowel, -ler is used instead.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stefan Georg (June 1989), “Some thoughts on the etymology of the Turkic plural suffix -lar/-ler”, in Altaica Osloensia: Proceedings from the 32nd Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference[1], Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, pages 141–152

Uzbek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-lar (Cyrillic spelling -лар)

  1. Used to form plurals of nouns.
    kitoblar
  2. Suffix to show respect for the noun attached.
    otamlar
  3. (when attached to numbers) about, around, approximately
    • soat uchlarda