-ler

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See also: ler, LER, lèr, and lêr

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From rebracketing of stems ending in -l and the suffix -er, in words like Sattler, Ziegler, and in derivations from diminutive verbs in -eln.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ler m (strong, genitive -lers, plural -ler)

  1. Used to create nouns linking a person (or thing) to some group, activity, object; similar to -er, but usually attached to nouns, not verbs.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Greenlandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ler (n-v?, truncative?)

  1. provides with
    aki (currency, price) -> akilerpaa (pays)
    ateq (name) -> atserpaa (names, gives a name to)

Usage notes[edit]

Sometimes fusioning. When used intransitively, may have a reflexive meaning.

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ler (v-v?, truncative?)

  1. has begun to [verb], is about to [verb], is in the process of [verb]ing

Further reading[edit]

  • Bjørnum, S.: Grønlandsk Grammatik, p. 241. Atuagkat 2003.

References[edit]

  • -ler in Katersat
  • Bjørnum, S.: Grønlandsk Grammatik, p. 240. Atuagkat 2003.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـلر, ultimately from Common Turkic *-ler, a plural suffix which absent from Proto-Turkic. Found as Old Turkic [script needed] (-lar) (back variant) but not found in the sister Oghur branch (compare Chuvash -сем (-sem), Bulgar -ڛَم), where it descended from *sāyïn (every). The Chuvash plural suffix, however, lacks vowel harmony unlike other suffixes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / İ / Ö / Ü
-lar -ler

-ler

  1. Used to form plurals of nouns.
    çiçek (flower) + ‎-ler → ‎çiçekler (flowers)
    Bu ülkede daima Mustafa Kemaller olacak.There will always be people like Mustafa Kemal in this country.
    Teyzemlere gideceğiz.We will go to my aunt's (home).

Derived terms[edit]