-ien

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See also: ien and iëŋ

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Breton -ion, -on, Proto-Brythonic *-onos, *-onā. Cognate to Welsh -ion, Cornish -yon.

Suffix[edit]

-ien

  1. Noun pluralization suffix; sometimes with vocalic ablaut in the pluralized noun
    lenner (reader) + ‎-ien → ‎lennerien (readers)
    mab (son) + ‎-ien → ‎mibien (sons)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French -ien, from Old French -ien, from Latin -iānus, from -ānus. Cognate to French -ain and -an.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jɛ̃/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ien m (plural -iens, feminine -ienne)

  1. forms nouns denoting where something or someone is from; -ian
    Paris + ‎-ien → ‎Parisien (a Parisian)
    Californie + ‎-ien → ‎Californien (a Californian)

Suffix[edit]

-ien (feminine -ienne, masculine plural -iens, feminine plural -iennes)

  1. forms adjectives indicating relation to; -ian
    Paris + ‎-ien → ‎parisien (Parisian)
    Californie + ‎-ien → ‎californien (Californian)
    Vadim + ‎-ien → ‎vadimien (of Roger Vadim Plemiannikov, French screenwriter, film director and producer)

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German -ie, -je, from Latin -ia (feminine singular).

Suffix[edit]

-ien n

  1. Used to form country names; -ia

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -ia (neuter plural). In some cases, analysable within German as a regular plural of an earlier form in -ium; e.g. Principium as an obsolete variant of Prinzip. The singular ending was sometimes lost, leaving -ien as a new, irregular plural suffix. In other cases, simply following the Latin i-declension (singular in -e, plural in -ia).

Suffix[edit]

-ien pl

  1. Used to form the plurals of some neuter nouns of Latin descent whose original plural ends in -ia.
    Material + ‎-ien → ‎Materialien
    Prinzip + ‎-ien → ‎Prinzipien
    Reptil + ‎-ien → ‎Reptilien
Usage notes[edit]
  • Not all nouns whose Latin plural is -ia necessarily take this ending. Some take a regular plural in -e, or have both forms alongside (for example, Reptile).

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -ien, from Latin -iānus.

Suffix[edit]

-ien (feminine equivalent -ienne)

  1. -ian
    patricien
    patrician

Old French[edit]

Examples

Surgien
Citeien

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -iānus, from -ānus.

Suffix[edit]

-ien (feminine equivalent -iene or -ienne)

  1. -ian

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -ien