virta

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See also: Virta

Esperanto

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Etymology

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From virto +‎ -a.

Pronunciation

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  • Audio:(file)

Adjective

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virta (accusative singular virtan, plural virtaj, accusative plural virtajn)

  1. virtuous

Finnish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *virta, borrowed from Proto-Slavic *vьrtъ (or earlier Balto-Slavic).[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʋirtɑ/, [ˈʋirt̪ɑ̝]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -irtɑ
  • Syllabification(key): vir‧ta

Noun

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virta

  1. flow, stream, current
    Synonym: virtaus
    Virta vei mukanaan.
    The current (of water) took (us, something, ...) with it.
    Kaasun virta pysähtyi putkistossa.
    The gas flow stopped in the pipes.
  2. (large) river
    Synonym: joki
    Soudimme veneellä virtaa ylöspäin.
    We rowed up the river in a boat.
  3. (physics, electronics) current
    Synonym: sähkövirta (electric current)
    Sähköteho on virran ja jännitteen tulo.
    Electrical power is the product of current times voltage.
  4. (informal) electricity, power
    Synonym: sähkö
    Pattereista loppui virta.
    The batteries run out of power.
  5. (figuratively) stream (steady flow or succession of material)
    Autojen loputon virta keskustaan aiheutti suuren ruuhkan.
    The endless stream of cars heading downtown caused a large traffic jam.
  6. (figuratively) flow (in expressions referring to conformity)
    kulkea virran mukanato go with the flow
  7. (figuratively) zip, energy, vigor, vim (personal energy)
    Mistähän sitä saisi virtaa jaksaa tämäkin päivä?
    Where am I supposed to get the energy to live through today too?
  8. (slang, uncommon) speed (recreational amphetamine drug)
    Synonyms: piri, pore, amfe, amffe, spiidi, vauhti, pöhinä, amfetamiini, (standard) [Term?]

Declension

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Inflection of virta (Kotus type 9*K/kala, rt-rr gradation)
nominative virta virrat
genitive virran virtojen
partitive virtaa virtoja
illative virtaan virtoihin
singular plural
nominative virta virrat
accusative nom. virta virrat
gen. virran
genitive virran virtojen
virtain rare
partitive virtaa virtoja
inessive virrassa virroissa
elative virrasta virroista
illative virtaan virtoihin
adessive virralla virroilla
ablative virralta virroilta
allative virralle virroille
essive virtana virtoina
translative virraksi virroiksi
abessive virratta virroitta
instructive virroin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of virta (Kotus type 9*K/kala, rt-rr gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative virtani virtani
accusative nom. virtani virtani
gen. virtani
genitive virtani virtojeni
virtaini rare
partitive virtaani virtojani
inessive virrassani virroissani
elative virrastani virroistani
illative virtaani virtoihini
adessive virrallani virroillani
ablative virraltani virroiltani
allative virralleni virroilleni
essive virtanani virtoinani
translative virrakseni virroikseni
abessive virrattani virroittani
instructive
comitative virtoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative virtasi virtasi
accusative nom. virtasi virtasi
gen. virtasi
genitive virtasi virtojesi
virtaisi rare
partitive virtaasi virtojasi
inessive virrassasi virroissasi
elative virrastasi virroistasi
illative virtaasi virtoihisi
adessive virrallasi virroillasi
ablative virraltasi virroiltasi
allative virrallesi virroillesi
essive virtanasi virtoinasi
translative virraksesi virroiksesi
abessive virrattasi virroittasi
instructive
comitative virtoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative virtamme virtamme
accusative nom. virtamme virtamme
gen. virtamme
genitive virtamme virtojemme
virtaimme rare
partitive virtaamme virtojamme
inessive virrassamme virroissamme
elative virrastamme virroistamme
illative virtaamme virtoihimme
adessive virrallamme virroillamme
ablative virraltamme virroiltamme
allative virrallemme virroillemme
essive virtanamme virtoinamme
translative virraksemme virroiksemme
abessive virrattamme virroittamme
instructive
comitative virtoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative virtanne virtanne
accusative nom. virtanne virtanne
gen. virtanne
genitive virtanne virtojenne
virtainne rare
partitive virtaanne virtojanne
inessive virrassanne virroissanne
elative virrastanne virroistanne
illative virtaanne virtoihinne
adessive virrallanne virroillanne
ablative virraltanne virroiltanne
allative virrallenne virroillenne
essive virtananne virtoinanne
translative virraksenne virroiksenne
abessive virrattanne virroittanne
instructive
comitative virtoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative virtansa virtansa
accusative nom. virtansa virtansa
gen. virtansa
genitive virtansa virtojensa
virtainsa rare
partitive virtaansa virtojaan
virtojansa
inessive virrassaan
virrassansa
virroissaan
virroissansa
elative virrastaan
virrastansa
virroistaan
virroistansa
illative virtaansa virtoihinsa
adessive virrallaan
virrallansa
virroillaan
virroillansa
ablative virraltaan
virraltansa
virroiltaan
virroiltansa
allative virralleen
virrallensa
virroilleen
virroillensa
essive virtanaan
virtanansa
virtoinaan
virtoinansa
translative virrakseen
virraksensa
virroikseen
virroiksensa
abessive virrattaan
virrattansa
virroittaan
virroittansa
instructive
comitative virtoineen
virtoinensa

Derived terms

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compounds

References

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  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri, Kallio, Petri, Holopainen, Sampsa, Kuokkala, Juha, Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “virta”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Ingrian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *virta. Cognates include Finnish virta and Livvi virdu.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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virta

  1. flow, current

Declension

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Declension of virta (type 3/kana, rt-rr gradation)
singular plural
nominative virta virrat
genitive virran virtoin
partitive virtaa virtoja
illative virtaa virtoi
inessive virraas virrois
elative virrast virroist
allative virralle virroille
adessive virraal virroil
ablative virralt virroilt
translative virraks virroiks
essive virtanna, virtaan virtoinna, virtoin
exessive1) virtant virtoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms

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References

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  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 669