brauchen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰruHg-

From Old High German brūhhan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną ‎(use, employ, consume). English brook is cognate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʁaʊ̯xən/, [ˈbʁaʊ̯xən], [ˈbʁaʊ̯xn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: brau‧chen

Verb[edit]

brauchen ‎(irregular, third-person singular simple present braucht, past tense brauchte, past participle gebraucht, past subjunctive bräuchte or brauchte, auxiliary haben)

  1. to need, to be in need of
    Ich brauche deine Hilfe.
    I need your help.
  2. to need to, to have to (in negation or with the adverb nur ‎(just, only))
    Du brauchst nicht auf mich (zu) warten.
    You don’t need to wait for me.
    Sie braucht mich nur an(zu)rufen.
    She just needs to call me.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Traditionally, brauchen has been a weak verb in standard German with a regular past subjunctive brauchte. However, the irregular form bräuchte has since found its way from the dialects into the standard. It is already the only common form in spoken German[1], and is gradually becoming dominant in writing as well (although some grammars may still discourage this usage).
  • In colloquial German, the verb may be even further assimilated to modal verbs by taking a bare infinitive instead of a zu infinitive (du brauchst nicht schreien instead of standard du brauchst nicht zu schreien) and sometimes by taking an endingless third-person singular present (er brauch, instead of er braucht). Both of these are properties of modal verbs, cf. er soll gehen, er muss bleiben.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.atlas-alltagssprache.de/r8-f4m-2/

External links[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰruHg-

From Old High German brūhhan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną.

Verb[edit]

brauchen

  1. to need