From a Middle English rebracketing of a noumpere as an oumpere, from Old French nonper (“odd number, not even (as a tie-breaking arbitrator)”), from non (“not”) + per (“equal”), from Latin par (“equal”).
umpire (plural umpires)
- (tennis, badminton) The official who presides over a tennis match sat on a high chair.
- (cricket) One of the two white-coated officials who preside over a cricket match.
- (baseball) One of the officials who preside over a baseball game.
- (American football) The official who stands behind the line on the defensive side or next to the referee on the offensive side.
- The umpire must keep on his toes as the play often occurs around him.
- (Australian rules football) A match official on the ground deciding and enforcing the rules during play. As of 2007 the Australian Football League uses three; in the past there were two or just one. The other officials, the goal umpires and boundary umpires, are usually referred to by those phrases.
- (law) A person who arbitrates between contending parties.
- a. 1701 (date written), John Dryden, “To His Sacred Majesty. A Panegyric on his Coronation.”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume I, London: […] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, →OCLC, page 34:
- You for their umpire and their ſynod take, / And their appeal alone to Cæſar make.
- (curling) The official who presides over a curling game.
- In general, and as a usage guideline, a referee moves around with the game, while an umpire stays (approximately) in one place.
- (sports, intransitive) To act as an umpire in a game.
- Coordinate term: referee
- (transitive) To decide as an umpire.
- 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, 6th edition, volumes (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: […] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, […], published 1727, →OCLC:
- Judges appointed to umpire the matter in contest between them, and to decide where the right lies.
- referee on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- umpire (cricket) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- umpire (baseball) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
umpire m (plural umpires)