Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰleh₁-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From *bʰel- (to make a loud sound).

Root[edit]

*bʰleh₁-[1]

  1. to bleat
  2. to cry
Derived terms[edit]
  • *bʰleh₁-ye-ti (ye-present)[2]
    • Balto-Slavic: *blḗˀtei (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *blējaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *flēō[1]
  • Unsorted formations:

Etymology 2[edit]

From *bʰel- (to blow).

This may be a specialization of the root for "to cry". LIV reconstructs a single root meaning "to howl".[3]

Root[edit]

*bʰleh₁-[4]

  1. to blow
Reconstruction notes[edit]

The Latin verb may be from the zero-grade *bʰl̥h₁-, resulting in a root *flā- from which the other Latin forms were derived analogically.

Derived terms[edit]
  • *bʰleh₁- (root present)
    • Germanic: *blēaną[5] (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *flāō[4]
      • Latin: flō (underlying /flā/-) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰléh₁-s- (sigmatic aorist[6] or desiderative[3])
    • Germanic: *blēsaną (to blow) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰleh₁-dʰrom[7]
    • Germanic: *blēdrǭ (bladder; swelling) (< *bʰleh₁-dʰreh₂-n?) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *flāðrom
      • Latin: flābrum (wind)[4] (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰleh₁-men-

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “fleō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 226
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*blējan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 68
  3. 3.0 3.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*bʰleh₁- ‘heulen’”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “flō, flāre”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 226–227
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*blēan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 67–68
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*blēsan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 68
  7. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1988) The Proto-Indo-European Instrument Noun Suffix *-tlom and its Variants (Historisk-filosofiske Meddelelser; 55), Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, →ISBN, page 11: “1.17. *bʰleh₁-dʰrom / *bʰl̥h₁-dʰrom