ballast

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See also: Ballast

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle English bar (bare) + last (load).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ballast (usually uncountable, plural ballasts)

  1. (nautical) Heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship (or in the gondola of a balloon), to provide stability.
  2. (figuratively) Anything that steadies emotion or the mind.
  3. Coarse gravel or similar material laid to form a bed for roads or railroads, or in making concrete.
  4. (construction) A material, such as aggregate or precast concrete pavers, which employs its mass and the force of gravity to hold single-ply roof membranes in place.
  5. (countable, electronics) device used for stabilizing current in an electric circuit (e.g.in a tube lamp supply circuit)
  6. (figuratively) That which gives, or helps to maintain, uprightness, steadiness, and security.
    • 17 June 2018, Barney Ronay, The Guardian, Mexico’s Hirving Lozano stuns world champions Germany for brilliant win:
      With 73 minutes gone Rafael Márquez came on to add ballast at the back, appearing in his fifth World Cup aged 39 and with alleged links to drug trafficking, which he denies, on hold for now. And so they sat deep with a thin green line of five defenders ranged across their own penalty area as the game became a Mexican stand-off, attack versus defence.
    • Barrow
      It [piety] is the right ballast of prosperity.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

ballast (third-person singular simple present ballasts, present participle ballasting, simple past and past participle ballasted)

  1. To stabilize or load a ship with ballast.
  2. To lay ballast on the bed of a railroad track.

Translations[edit]

Gallery[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ballast.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɑˈlɑst/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bal‧last

Noun[edit]

ballast m (plural ballasten)

  1. (now chiefly uncountable) ballast (weights used in ships or aerostats)
  2. (figuratively, uncountable) baggage (something that hampers functioning)

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ballast m (plural ballasts)

  1. (nautical) Heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship (or in the gondola of a balloon), to provide stability.
  2. Coarse gravel or similar material laid to form a bed for roads or railroads.

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German barlast

Noun[edit]

ballast m (definite singular ballasten, indefinite plural ballaster, definite plural ballastene)

  1. ballast
    • Jeg var i fin form, men hadde 4kg for mye ballast ombord! [3]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German barlast

Noun[edit]

ballast m (definite singular ballasten, indefinite plural ballastar, definite plural ballastane)
ballast f (definite singular ballasta, indefinite plural ballaster, definite plural ballastene)

  1. ballast

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ballast

  1. superlative predicative form of ball.