شاء

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See also: ساء

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ش ي ء (š-y-ʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَاءَ (šāʾa) I, non-past يَشَاءُ‎ (yašāʾu)

  1. to will, to want, to intend, to wish
    • Qur'an 2:212
      زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٱ ٱلْحَيَاةُ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَيَسْخَرُونَ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ ٱتَّقَوْا فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَامَةِ وَٱللّٰهُ يَرْزُقُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
      zuyyina lillaḏīna kafarū l-ḥayātu d-dunyā wayasḵarūna mina llaḏīna ʾāmanū wāllaḏīna ttaqaw fawqahum yawma l-qiyāmati wal-lāhu yarzuqu man yašāʾu biḡayri ḥisābin
      Beautified is the life of this world for those who disbelieve, and they mock at those who believe. But those who fear [Allah] are above them on the Day of Resurrection, and Allah begifts whom He wills without account.
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Etymology 2[edit]

Found under the root ش و ه (š-w-h) in Lane (see below); in Wehr (see below), listed under ش و ء (š-w-ʾ), whereas the paucal plural شِوَاه (šiwāh) is cross-referenced under ش و ه (š-w-h). Compare Hebrew שֶׂה (śe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَاء (šāʾm (collective, singulative شَاة (šāh), paucal شِوَاه (šiwāh) or شِيَاه (šiyāh))

  1. (collective) sheep
  2. ewes, female sheep
Usage notes[edit]

The gender of the collective is unclear; it is also unclear if it varies depending on the meaning. The forms شِوَاه (šiwāh) and شِيَاء (šiyāʾ) are simply listed as plurals in Wehr, which would normally imply a plural of multiplicity or variety, but specifically noted as applying to 3-10 animals (i.e. paucal) in Lane.

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