ær

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ær, from Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive singular ær, plural ær)

  1. ewe
    ofta eigur svørt ær hvítt lamb.
    Black ewes often give birth to white lambs.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ær
f20 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ær ærin ær ærnar
accusative ær ærina ær ærnar
dative ær ærini óm ónum
genitive ær ærinnar áa áanna

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ær, from Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive singular ær, nominative plural ær)

  1. ewe
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse œrr, from Proto-Germanic *wōrijaz.

Adjective[edit]

ær (comparative ærari, superlative ærastur)

  1. mad
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse æðr (eider).

Noun[edit]

ær f or m (definite singular æra or æren, indefinite plural ærer, definite plural ærene)

  1. eider
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ær

  1. imperative of ære

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

ær

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by arr

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *airiz, originally a comparative form (=‘earlier’). Cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐍃 (airis), Old Norse ár (early) (adj.), árla (early) (adv.) (> Danish and Norwegian årle), Old High German ēr (German eher), Old Frisian ēr, Old Saxon ēr, Old Dutch ēr (Dutch eer). Cognate with Albanian errët (dark), herët (early).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ǣr (comparative ǣrra, superlative ǣrest)

  1. early, previous, former

Declension[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ǣr

  1. before, (in negative sentences) until
    Hēo becōm ānre nihte ǣr mē.
    She arrived one day before me.
    Earge sweltaþ manigum sīðum ǣr heora dēaðum.
    Cowards die many times before their deaths.

Conjunction[edit]

ǣr

  1. before, (in negative sentences) until
    Gā nū mē of weġe ǣr iċ þē ontende.
    Now get out of my way before I set fire to you.
    Ne telle man nǣnne mann ġesǣliġne ǣr hē biþ dēad.
    No one should be considered lucky until he is dead.
    Ǣr þām þe hē hit cwæþ, nyste hē nā hwæt hē cweðan wolde.
    Until he said it, he did not know what he was going to say.
  2. rather than (in preference to)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: ere, early

Derived terms[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive ær, plural ær)

  1. ewe
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ær

  1. second/third-person singular present indicative of æja

References[edit]

  • ær in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.