ær

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ær, from Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive singular ær, plural ær)

  1. ewe
    ofta eigur svørt ær hvítt lamb.
    Black ewes often give birth to white lambs.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ær
f20 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ær ærin ær ærnar
accusative ær ærina ær ærnar
dative ær ærini óm ónum
genitive ær ærinnar áa áanna

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ær, from Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive singular ær, nominative plural ær)

  1. ewe
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ǿrr, from Proto-Germanic *wōrijaz. Cognate to Old English wērig (modern weary).

Adjective[edit]

ær (comparative ærari, superlative ærastur)

  1. mad
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse æðr (eider).

Noun[edit]

ær f or m (definite singular æra or æren, indefinite plural ærer, definite plural ærene)

  1. eider
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ær

  1. imperative of ære

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse æðr.

Noun[edit]

ær f (definite singular æra, indefinite plural ærer, definite plural ærene)

  1. eider
Usage notes[edit]
  • The compound ærfugl is more commonly used.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ær

  1. imperative of æra

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ær n (definite singular æret, indefinite plural ær, definite plural æra)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of arr

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Norse yðr.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ær (possessive ærs)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) objective case of i

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *airiz, originally a comparative form (=‘earlier’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ǣr (comparative ǣrra, superlative ǣrest)

  1. early, previous, former

Declension[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ǣr

  1. before, (in negative sentences) until
    Hēo becōm ānre niht ǣr mē.
    She arrived one day before me.
    Earge sweltaþ manigum sīðum ǣr heora dēaðum.
    Cowards die many times before their deaths.

Conjunction[edit]

ǣr

  1. before, (in negative sentences) until
    Ne telle man nānne mann ġesǣliġne ǣr hē biþ dēad.
    No one should be considered lucky until he is dead.
    Ǣr þon þe hē hit cwæþ, nyste hē nā hwæt hē cweðan wolde.
    Until he said it, he did not know what he was going to say.
  2. rather than (in preference to)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: er
    • English: ere
    • Scots: air
    • Yola: ear

Derived terms[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *awiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis.

Noun[edit]

ær f (genitive ær, plural ær)

  1. ewe
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ær

  1. second/third-person singular present indicative of æja

References[edit]

  • ær in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.