ἅρπη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *serp-, with cognates including Latin sarpō, Old Church Slavonic срьпъ (srĭpŭ, sickle), and Latvian sirpis. However, there are some difficulties with these connections. There is possibly a contamination with a Semitic borrowing, compare Hebrew חֶרֶב(ḥereḇ, cutting instrument), Ugaritic 𐎈𐎗𐎁 (ḥrb, cutting instrument), Classical Syriac ܚܪܒܐ(ḥarbā), Arabic حَرْبَة(ḥarba, lance).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἅρπη (hárpēf (genitive ἅρπης); first declension

  1. a bird of prey (probably shearwater)
  2. a kite
  3. a sickle
  4. an elephant goad

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Brown, John Pairman (1995) Israel and Hellas (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 231), volume I, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, pages 78–82

Further reading[edit]