ἅρπη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *serp-, with cognates including Latin sarpō, Old Church Slavonic срьпъ (srĭpŭ, sickle), and Latvian sirpis. However, there are some difficulties with these connections. There is possibly a contamination with a Semitic borrowing, Proto-Semitic *ḥarb-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἅρπη (hárpēf (genitive ἅρπης); first declension (Attic, Epic, Ionic)

  1. a bird of prey, hawk, falcon, tiercel or goshawk (falco gentilis)
  2. a sea-bird (probably shearwater)
  3. a kite
  4. a sickle
  5. a sickle-shaped sword, scimitar
  6. an elephant goad

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, John Pairman (1995) Israel and Hellas (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 231), volume I, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, pages 78–82

Further reading[edit]