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From Proto-Indo-European *serp-, with cognates including Old Church Slavonic срьпъ (srĭpŭ, sickle), Latvian sirpis. Traditionally connected with Ancient Greek ἁρπάγη (harpágē, hook), whence Latin harpagō and English harpoon, in turn uncertainly related to ἅρπη (hárpē, bird of prey; sickle), itself uncertainly derived from *serp-.



sarpō (present infinitive sarpere, perfect active sarpsi, supine sarptum); third conjugation

  1. I prune (expecially the vine)


   Conjugation of sarpo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarpō sarpis sarpit sarpimus sarpitis sarpunt
imperfect sarpēbam sarpēbās sarpēbat sarpēbāmus sarpēbātis sarpēbant
future sarpam sarpēs sarpet sarpēmus sarpētis sarpent
perfect sarpsī sarpsistī sarpsit sarpsimus sarpsistis sarpsērunt, sarpsēre
pluperfect sarpseram sarpserās sarpserat sarpserāmus sarpserātis sarpserant
future perfect sarpserō sarpseris sarpserit sarpserimus sarpseritis sarpserint
passive present sarpor sarperis, sarpere sarpitur sarpimur sarpiminī sarpuntur
imperfect sarpēbar sarpēbāris, sarpēbāre sarpēbātur sarpēbāmur sarpēbāminī sarpēbantur
future sarpar sarpēris, sarpēre sarpētur sarpēmur sarpēminī sarpentur
perfect sarptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sarptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sarptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarpam sarpās sarpat sarpāmus sarpātis sarpant
imperfect sarperem sarperēs sarperet sarperēmus sarperētis sarperent
perfect sarpserim sarpserīs sarpserit sarpserimus sarpseritis sarpserint
pluperfect sarpsissem sarpsissēs sarpsisset sarpsissēmus sarpsissētis sarpsissent
passive present sarpar sarpāris, sarpāre sarpātur sarpāmur sarpāminī sarpantur
imperfect sarperer sarperēris, sarperēre sarperētur sarperēmur sarperēminī sarperentur
perfect sarptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sarptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarpe sarpite
future sarpitō sarpitō sarpitōte sarpuntō
passive present sarpere sarpiminī
future sarpitor sarpitor sarpuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sarpere sarpsisse sarptūrus esse sarpī sarptus esse sarptum īrī
participles sarpēns sarptūrus sarptus sarpendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sarpere sarpendī sarpendō sarpendum sarptum sarptū