kali

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Arabic قِلْي(qily). See alkali.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæli/, /ˈkeɪli/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. The prickly glasswort (Kali turgidum, syn. of Salsola kali).
    • 1765, Temple H. Croker, Thomas Williams, Samuel Clarke, The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Volume 2
      But the kali is principally regarded, on account of its yielding copiously, when burnt, the fixed alkaline salt called soda []
  2. Alkali, particularly soda ash or potash.

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Uncertain; see arnis#Name at Wikipedia for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. Traditional Philippine stick fighting, a martial art.
    Synonyms: arnis, eskrima

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain; possibly a reference to the appearance of soda ash produced by burning kali (Etymology 1).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. A type of British crystalline sweet or candy, similar in appearance to sherbet but made with larger sugar crystals.
    • 1928, Kenrayne (pseudonym), “Toffees and Twists”, in The Homestead (South Africa)[1], page 27:
      [M]any women will be glad to know exactly how to start making sweets so that they will be saleable. [...] Lozenges, comfits, kali, bonbons, etc.
    • 2005, Christopher Upton, Living Back-to-back[2], page 152:
      The stock is supplied by Sela Traditional Sweet Co., based in Thynne Street, West Bromwich, which has been making a vast range of boiled sweets—sarsaparilla tablets, kali, clove balls, lime juice bricks, rosy apples and the rest—since 1882.
    • 2012 June 6, Nigel Slater (@NigelSlater), Twitter[3]:
      A positive shower of sherbets. Include fountains, lemons, dibdabs, flying saucers, even jars of Kali.

Anagrams[edit]


Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. (Mpakwithi) hole

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Betawi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. river

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈli/

Noun[edit]

kalí

  1. canal; ditch; trench; gutter
    Synonym: saruro

Derived terms[edit]


Central Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. building, house.

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. kind of large bird

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kalja. Possibly a pre-Balto-Slavic Indo-European loan, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂al-ew-yo-.

Noun[edit]

kali (genitive kalja, partitive kalja)

  1. kvass

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Kali.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑli/, [ˈkɑli]
  • Rhymes: -ɑli
  • Syllabification(key): ka‧li

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. potassium
  2. potassium oxide

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kali (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative kali kalit
genitive kalin kalien
partitive kalia kaleja
illative kaliin kaleihin
singular plural
nominative kali kalit
accusative nom. kali kalit
gen. kalin
genitive kalin kalien
partitive kalia kaleja
inessive kalissa kaleissa
elative kalista kaleista
illative kaliin kaleihin
adessive kalilla kaleilla
ablative kalilta kaleilta
allative kalille kaleille
essive kalina kaleina
translative kaliksi kaleiksi
instructive kalein
abessive kalitta kaleitta
comitative kaleineen
Possessive forms of kali (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person kalini kalimme
2nd person kalisi kalinne
3rd person kalinsa

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali m (plural kalis)

  1. kali (plant)

Further reading[edit]


Ilocano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form ikali)

  1. to dig (to move hard-packed earth out of the way)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay kali, from Sanskrit काल (kāla, time). Doublet of kala.

  • Indonesian perkalian (multiplication) was only coined after independence, being cited for example in Poerwadarminta (1976) of which the first edition appeared in 1953, though not yet in Zain (1957).
  • Clipping of barangkali and sekali

Noun[edit]

kali (first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. times
    Aku pergi ke sana dua kali sebulan.

Preposition[edit]

kali

  1. (mathematics) times
    Dua kali tiga sama dengan enam.Two times three equals six.

Adverb[edit]

kali

  1. Alternative spelling of barangkali (perhaps, maybe, probably)
  2. (Medan, slang) very
    Synonyms: amat, banget, sangat, sungguh

Usage notes[edit]

When multiplication is not commutative, dikali may be preferred. Otherwise, kali and dikali are interchangable.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali (plural kali-kali, first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. river
    Synonym: sungai
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. catfish
    Synonym: lele

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. high official in South Sulawesi

Further reading[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kali

  1. Romanization of ꦏꦭꦶ

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. 2nd person singular past indicative form of kalt

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form mengali)

  1. Obsolete form of gali.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

kali

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali.

Noun[edit]

kali (Jawi spelling کالي‎, plural kali-kali, informal 1st possessive kaliku, 2nd possessive kalimu, 3rd possessive kalinya)

  1. river (large stream which drains a landmass)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit काल (kāla, time). Doublet of kala.

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. times

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. to times, to multiply

Further reading[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Tamil கள்ளி (kaḷḷi).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. cactus

Ngiyambaa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. (Waangaybuwan) water
    • 2001, Mood and Modality, →ISBN:
      ɡaliː-ŋinda-ɡila ŋiyanu balu-y-aɡa
      water-CARIT-HYPOTH we+PL+NOM die-CM-IRR
      we'll probably die for lack of water

Alternative forms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Barry Alpher, Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004, →ISBN

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. river
  2. deep watercourse
  3. river-bed
  4. channel

Descendants[edit]

  • Javanese: ꦏꦭꦶ (kali)
    • Betawi: kali
    • Indonesian: kali
    • Malay: kali
  • Balinese: ᬓᬮᬶ (kali)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. third-person singular present of kalić

Romani[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kali

  1. feminine singular of kalo

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. inflection of káliti:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative

Noun[edit]

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. nominative/vocative plural of kal

Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kali

  1. Romanization of ᮊᮜᮤ

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-kali (declinable)

  1. sharp
  2. fierce
  3. acidic
  4. harsh, cruel
  5. savage
  6. intense

Inflection[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈli/, [kɐˈli]
  • IPA(key): /kaˈliʔ/, [kɐˈliʔ]

Noun[edit]

kalí or kalî

  1. rest; quietude; repose; quietude (usually used in the negative)
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalí

  1. (medicine, archaic) a boneache
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈliʔ/, [kɐˈliʔ]
  • IPA(key): /kaˈleʔ/, [kɐˈleʔ] (colloquial)

Adverb[edit]

kalî

  1. (Bataan) I wonder (placed after interrogative pronouns)
    Synonym: kaya

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly a clipping of kalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈkali/, [ˈka.lɪ]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. kali (Philippine stick fighting)
    Synonyms: arnis, eskrima

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈkali/, [ˈka.lɪ]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. (archaic) excavation
  2. (archaic) asking for the care of others
  3. canal

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali.

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form magkali)

  1. to dig

Vietnamese[edit]

Chemical element
K
Previous: agon (Ar)
Next: canxi (Ca)

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from New Latin kalium, with the suffix -um removed as with most chemical elements.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. potassium