kali

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Arabicقِلْي(qily). See alkali.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæli/, /ˈkeɪli/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. The prickly glasswort (Kali turgidum, syn. of Salsola kali).
    • 1765, Temple H. Croker, Thomas Williams, Samuel Clarke, The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Volume 2:
      But the kali is principally regarded, on account of its yielding copiously, when burnt, the fixed alkaline salt called soda []
  2. Alkali, particularly soda ash or potash.

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Uncertain; see arnis#Name at Wikipedia for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑːli/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. Traditional Philippine stick fighting, a martial art.
    Synonyms: arnis, eskrima

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain; possibly a reference to the appearance of soda ash produced by burning kali (Etymology 1).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkeɪli/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kali (uncountable)

  1. A type of British crystalline sweet or candy, similar in appearance to sherbet but made with larger sugar crystals.
    • 1928, Kenrayne (pseudonym), “Toffees and Twists”, in The Homestead (South Africa)[1], page 27:
      [M]any women will be glad to know exactly how to start making sweets so that they will be saleable. [...] Lozenges, comfits, kali, bonbons, etc.
    • 2005, Christopher Upton, Living Back-to-back[2], page 152:
      The stock is supplied by Sela Traditional Sweet Co., based in Thynne Street, West Bromwich, which has been making a vast range of boiled sweets—sarsaparilla tablets, kali, clove balls, lime juice bricks, rosy apples and the rest—since 1882.
    • 2012 June 6, Nigel Slater (@NigelSlater), Twitter[3]:
      A positive shower of sherbets. Include fountains, lemons, dibdabs, flying saucers, even jars of Kali.

Anagrams[edit]

Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. (Mpakwithi) hole

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Betawi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. river

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈli/, [kaˈl̪i]

Noun[edit]

kalí

  1. canal; ditch; trench; gutter
    Synonym: saruro

Derived terms[edit]

Central Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. building, house.

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. kind of large bird

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kalja. Possibly a pre-Balto-Slavic Indo-European loan, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂al-ew-yo-.

Noun[edit]

kali (genitive kalja, partitive kalja)

  1. kvass

Declension[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Kali.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑli/, [ˈkɑ̝li]
  • Rhymes: -ɑli
  • Syllabification(key): ka‧li

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. potassium
  2. potassium oxide

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kali (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative kali kalit
genitive kalin kalien
partitive kalia kaleja
illative kaliin kaleihin
singular plural
nominative kali kalit
accusative nom. kali kalit
gen. kalin
genitive kalin kalien
partitive kalia kaleja
inessive kalissa kaleissa
elative kalista kaleista
illative kaliin kaleihin
adessive kalilla kaleilla
ablative kalilta kaleilta
allative kalille kaleille
essive kalina kaleina
translative kaliksi kaleiksi
abessive kalitta kaleitta
instructive kalein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kali (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kalini kalini
accusative nom. kalini kalini
gen. kalini
genitive kalini kalieni
partitive kaliani kalejani
inessive kalissani kaleissani
elative kalistani kaleistani
illative kaliini kaleihini
adessive kalillani kaleillani
ablative kaliltani kaleiltani
allative kalilleni kaleilleni
essive kalinani kaleinani
translative kalikseni kaleikseni
abessive kalittani kaleittani
instructive
comitative kaleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kalisi kalisi
accusative nom. kalisi kalisi
gen. kalisi
genitive kalisi kaliesi
partitive kaliasi kalejasi
inessive kalissasi kaleissasi
elative kalistasi kaleistasi
illative kaliisi kaleihisi
adessive kalillasi kaleillasi
ablative kaliltasi kaleiltasi
allative kalillesi kaleillesi
essive kalinasi kaleinasi
translative kaliksesi kaleiksesi
abessive kalittasi kaleittasi
instructive
comitative kaleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kalimme kalimme
accusative nom. kalimme kalimme
gen. kalimme
genitive kalimme kaliemme
partitive kaliamme kalejamme
inessive kalissamme kaleissamme
elative kalistamme kaleistamme
illative kaliimme kaleihimme
adessive kalillamme kaleillamme
ablative kaliltamme kaleiltamme
allative kalillemme kaleillemme
essive kalinamme kaleinamme
translative kaliksemme kaleiksemme
abessive kalittamme kaleittamme
instructive
comitative kaleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kalinne kalinne
accusative nom. kalinne kalinne
gen. kalinne
genitive kalinne kalienne
partitive kalianne kalejanne
inessive kalissanne kaleissanne
elative kalistanne kaleistanne
illative kaliinne kaleihinne
adessive kalillanne kaleillanne
ablative kaliltanne kaleiltanne
allative kalillenne kaleillenne
essive kalinanne kaleinanne
translative kaliksenne kaleiksenne
abessive kalittanne kaleittanne
instructive
comitative kaleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kalinsa kalinsa
accusative nom. kalinsa kalinsa
gen. kalinsa
genitive kalinsa kaliensa
partitive kaliaan
kaliansa
kalejaan
kalejansa
inessive kalissaan
kalissansa
kaleissaan
kaleissansa
elative kalistaan
kalistansa
kaleistaan
kaleistansa
illative kaliinsa kaleihinsa
adessive kalillaan
kalillansa
kaleillaan
kaleillansa
ablative kaliltaan
kaliltansa
kaleiltaan
kaleiltansa
allative kalilleen
kalillensa
kaleilleen
kaleillensa
essive kalinaan
kalinansa
kaleinaan
kaleinansa
translative kalikseen
kaliksensa
kaleikseen
kaleiksensa
abessive kalittaan
kalittansa
kaleittaan
kaleittansa
instructive
comitative kaleineen
kaleinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali m (plural kalis)

  1. kali (plant)

Further reading[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.li/, [ˈkɐ.li]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. Niʻihau form of kohe (vagina)

Ilocano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form ikali)

  1. to dig (to move hard-packed earth out of the way)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay kali, from Sanskrit काल (kāla, time). Doublet of kala.

  • Indonesian perkalian (multiplication) was only coined after independence, being cited for example in Poerwadarminta (1976) of which the first edition appeared in 1953, though not yet in Zain (1957).
  • Clipping of barangkali and sekali

Noun[edit]

kali (first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. times
    Aku pergi ke sana dua kali sebulan.

Preposition[edit]

kali

  1. (mathematics) times
    Dua kali tiga sama dengan enam.Two times three equals six.

Adverb[edit]

kali

  1. Alternative spelling of barangkali (perhaps, maybe, probably)
  2. (Medan, slang) very
    Synonyms: amat, banget, sangat, sungguh

Usage notes[edit]

When multiplication is not commutative, dikali may be preferred. Otherwise, kali and dikali are interchangable.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali (plural kali-kali, first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. river
    Synonym: sungai
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. catfish
    Synonym: lele

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. high official in South Sulawesi

Further reading[edit]

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kali

  1. Romanization of ꦏꦭꦶ

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. second-person singular past indicative of kalt

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form mengali)

  1. Obsolete form of gali.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

kali

From Javanese ꦏꦭꦶ (kali), from Old Javanese kali.

Noun[edit]

kali (Jawi spellingکالي⁩, plural kali-kali, informal 1st possessive kaliku, 2nd possessive kalimu, 3rd possessive kalinya)

  1. river (large stream which drains a landmass)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit काल (kāla, time). Doublet of kala.

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. times

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. to times, to multiply

Further reading[edit]

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Tamil கள்ளி (kaḷḷi).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. cactus

Naga Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Assamese কালি (kali).

Adverb[edit]

kali

  1. tomorrow

Related terms[edit]

Ngiyambaa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. (Waangaybuwan) water
    • 2001, Mood and Modality, →ISBN:
      ɡaliː-ŋinda-ɡila ŋiyanu balu-y-aɡa
      water-CARIT-HYPOTH we+PL+NOM die-CM-IRR
      we'll probably die for lack of water

Alternative forms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Barry Alpher, Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004, →ISBN

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali. Compare to Malay gali ~ kali (to dug).

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. river
    Synonyms: baṅawan, gaṅgā, gĕṅga, kali, kaweri, loh, lwah, nadī, prawāha, saraswat, sarit, sindhu, suṅe, suṅhe, suṅeṅ, suṅhay, suṅi
  2. deep watercourse
  3. river-bed
  4. channel

Descendants[edit]

  • Javanese: ꦏꦭꦶ (kali)
    • Betawi: kali
    • Indonesian: kali
    • Malay: kali
  • Balinese: ᬓᬮᬶ (kali)

Further reading[edit]

  • "kali" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali

  1. third-person singular present of kalić

Romani[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kali

  1. feminine singular of kalo

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. inflection of káliti:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative

Noun[edit]

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. nominative/vocative plural of kal

Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kali

  1. Romanization of ᮊᮜᮤ

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

-kali (declinable)

  1. sharp
  2. fierce
  3. acidic
  4. harsh, cruel
  5. savage
  6. intense
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English kalium.

Noun[edit]

kali (n class, plural kali)

  1. potassium
    Synonym: potasiamu

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈli/, [kɐˈli]
  • IPA(key): /kaˈliʔ/, [kɐˈliʔ]

Noun[edit]

kalí or kalî (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜎᜒ)

  1. rest; quietude; repose; quietude (usually used in the negative)
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalí (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜎᜒ) (medicine, archaic)

  1. boneache
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /kaˈliʔ/, [kɐˈliʔ]
  • IPA(key): /kaˈleʔ/, [kɐˈlɛʔ] (colloquial)

Adverb[edit]

kalî (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜎᜒ) (Bataan)

  1. I wonder (placed after interrogative pronouns)
    Synonym: kaya

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly a clipping of kalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈkali/, [ˈka.lɪ]

Noun[edit]

kali (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜎᜒ)

  1. kali (Philippine stick fighting)
    Synonyms: arnis, eskrima

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈkali/, [ˈka.lɪ]

Noun[edit]

kali (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜎᜒ)

  1. canal
  2. (obsolete) excavation
  3. (obsolete) asking for the care of others

Further reading[edit]

  • kali”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali.

Verb[edit]

kali (used in the form magkali)

  1. to dig

Vietnamese[edit]

Chemical element
K
Previous: agon (Ar)
Next: canxi (Ca)

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from New Latin kalium, with the suffix -um removed as with most chemical elements.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kali

  1. potassium