kalju

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See also: Kalju

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hallijǭ. Compare Swedish häll and Old Norse hella. Cognate to Finnish kallio.

Noun[edit]

kalju (genitive kalju, partitive kaljut)

  1. cliff, rock

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A derivative from a root kalja- (compare kaljama), of either Germanic (compare Old High German hāli (smooth, slippery)) or Baltic origin (compare Lithuanian gàle (thin layer of ice)). An identical derivative in Karelian has the meaning "skull".

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑlju/, [ˈkɑlju]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlju
  • Hyphenation: kal‧ju

Adjective[edit]

kalju (comparative kaljumpi, superlative kaljuin)

  1. bald, hairless, furless
    kalju mies
    a bald man
    Hiiret syntyvät kaljuina.
    Mice are born furless.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kalju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kalju kaljut
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
singular plural
nominative kalju kaljut
accusative nom. kalju kaljut
gen. kaljun
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
inessive kaljussa kaljuissa
elative kaljusta kaljuista
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
adessive kaljulla kaljuilla
ablative kaljulta kaljuilta
allative kaljulle kaljuille
essive kaljuna kaljuina
translative kaljuksi kaljuiksi
instructive kaljuin
abessive kaljutta kaljuitta
comitative kaljuine

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalju

  1. bald person, baldy
  2. hairless spot on head

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kalju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kalju kaljut
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
singular plural
nominative kalju kaljut
accusative nom. kalju kaljut
gen. kaljun
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
inessive kaljussa kaljuissa
elative kaljusta kaljuista
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
adessive kaljulla kaljuilla
ablative kaljulta kaljuilta
allative kaljulle kaljuille
essive kaljuna kaljuina
translative kaljuksi kaljuiksi
instructive kaljuin
abessive kaljutta kaljuitta
comitative kaljuineen