kalju

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See also: Kalju

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hallijǭ. Compare Swedish häll and Old Norse hella. Cognate to Finnish kallio.

Noun[edit]

kalju (genitive kalju, partitive kaljut)

  1. cliff, rock

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalju

  1. partitive plural of kali

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A derivative from a root kalja- (compare kaljama), most likely borrowed from Germanic (compare Old High German hāli (smooth, slippery)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑlju/, [ˈkɑlju]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlju
  • Syllabification: kal‧ju

Adjective[edit]

kalju (comparative kaljumpi, superlative kaljuin)

  1. bald, hairless, furless
    kalju mies
    a bald man
    Hiiret syntyvät kaljuina.
    Mice are born furless.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kalju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kalju kaljut
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
singular plural
nominative kalju kaljut
accusative nom. kalju kaljut
gen. kaljun
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
inessive kaljussa kaljuissa
elative kaljusta kaljuista
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
adessive kaljulla kaljuilla
ablative kaljulta kaljuilta
allative kaljulle kaljuille
essive kaljuna kaljuina
translative kaljuksi kaljuiksi
instructive kaljuin
abessive kaljutta kaljuitta
comitative kaljuine
Possessive forms of kalju (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kaljuni kaljumme
2nd person kaljusi kaljunne
3rd person kaljunsa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalju

  1. bald person, baldy
  2. hairless spot on head

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kalju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kalju kaljut
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
singular plural
nominative kalju kaljut
accusative nom. kalju kaljut
gen. kaljun
genitive kaljun kaljujen
partitive kaljua kaljuja
inessive kaljussa kaljuissa
elative kaljusta kaljuista
illative kaljuun kaljuihin
adessive kaljulla kaljuilla
ablative kaljulta kaljuilta
allative kaljulle kaljuille
essive kaljuna kaljuina
translative kaljuksi kaljuiksi
instructive kaljuin
abessive kaljutta kaljuitta
comitative kaljuineen
Possessive forms of kalju (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kaljuni kaljumme
2nd person kaljusi kaljunne
3rd person kaljunsa