eli

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See also: Eli, éli, Elí, eli-, èli, élį, and ʻeli

Akkadian[edit]

Root
'-l-y
4 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʕalay- (on, over). Cognate with Arabic عَلَى(ʿalā) and Biblical Hebrew עַל(ʿal), עֲלֵי(ʿălê).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

eli (pronominal form elī) (from Old Akkadian on)

  1. on, above, over, upon
  2. towards
  3. against
  4. beyond, more than
    • 1755–1750 BCE, King Hammurabi of Babylon, OMNIKA Foundation, transl., Hammurabi Code[1], The Louvre, Law 202:
      𒋳𒈠 𒀀𒉿𒈝 𒇷𒂊𒀉 𒀀𒉿𒅆 𒊭 𒂊𒇷𒋗 𒊏𒁍𒌑 𒅎𒋫𒄩𒊍 𒄿𒈾 𒁍𒌔𒊑𒅎 𒄿𒈾 𒋢𒉮 𒄞 𒁹𒋗𒅆 𒅎𒈤𒄩𒊍
      šum-ma a-wi-lum le-e-et a-wi-lim ša e-li-šu ra-bu-u₂ im-ta-ḫa-aṣ i-na pu-uḫ₂-ri-im i-na kušUSAN₃ GUD 1 šu-ši im-maḫ-ḫa-aṣ
      šumma awīlum lēt awīlim ša elīšu rabû imtaḫaṣ, ina puḫrim ina qinnāz alpim (ištēn) šūši immaḫḫaṣ.
      If a man has struck the cheek of a man who is of higher rank than he, he will be struck with an ox whip sixty times in the assembly.

Alternative forms[edit]

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic

References[edit]

  • eli”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956–2011
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (1976), “eli”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Huehnergard, John (2011) A Grammar of Akkadian (Harvard Semitic Studies; 45), 3rd edition, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns

Dilling[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Nubian *il-di.

Noun[edit]

eli

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • [2] (as eli)
  • Salem Chaker, Andrzej Zaborski, Etudes berbères et chamito-sémitiques: mélanges offerts à Karl-G. Prasse (2000) (as ǐḷī)

Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Verb[edit]

eli

  1. to be.

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either from the pronominal stem e- seen in että (compare mikäli, from mikä) or a North Germanic loan (compare Old Norse ella, ellar, from Proto-Germanic *aljaz). Also compare Estonian elik.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeli(ˣ)/, [ˈe̞li(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -eli
  • Syllabification(key): e‧li

Conjunction[edit]

eli

  1. (coordinating) so
  2. a.k.a., or
  3. i.e., that is, in other words
  4. as in (in the sense of)
  5. (dated or dialectal) or
    Synonym: tai

Verb[edit]

eli

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of elää.
    Hän eli täällä.
    He lived here.

Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

elu (she, her) +‎ -i (-s; plural)

Pronoun[edit]

eli pl

  1. they, them (feminine)

Related terms[edit]

  • li (they, them)
  • ili (they, them) (masculine)
  • oli (they, them) (neuter)

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the pronominal stem e-, of uncertain origin. Akin to Finnish eli and Estonian elik.
Possibly influenced by or derived from Russian или (ili), Swedish eller.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

eli

  1. (folk poetic) or
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

eli

  1. third-person singular indicative imperfect of ellää
    Hää eli Soikkolaas.She lived in Soikkola.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 30

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

eli m

  1. plural of elio

Anagrams[edit]


Kristang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ele (he), from Old Portuguese ele, from Latin ille (that).

Pronoun[edit]

eli

  1. he, she or it (third-person singular personal pronoun)[1]

See also[edit]

Kristang personal pronouns (edit)
Person Singular Plural
First yo nus
Second bos bolotu
Third eli olotu

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010, Ladislav Prištic, Kristang - Crioulo de Base Portuguesa, Masaryk University, page 26.

Meänkieli[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

eli

  1. or

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Sahu 'elingi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

eli

  1. (transitive) to remember

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of eli
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toeli foeli mieli
2nd noeli nieli
3rd Masculine oeli ieli, yoeli
Feminine moeli
Neuter ieli
- archaic

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Venetian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

eli m

  1. they, them

Volapük[edit]

Article[edit]

eli

  1. accusative singular of el

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh eli, from Proto-Brythonic *ėliv, borrowed from Latin olīvum, see olīva and oleum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

eli m (plural elïau)

  1. ointment
    Synonym: ennaint

Derived terms[edit]

eli haul (sun cream, sunscreen)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eli unchanged unchanged heli
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

êli

  1. this; class 5 proximal demonstrative.