על

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Aramaic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

על (transliteration needed)

  1. on, upon
  2. over
  3. about, concerning

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ע־ל־ה(ʿ-l-h)

Cognate to Arabic عَلَى(ʿalā), Ge'ez ላዕለ (laʿlä), Maltese għal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

עַל (al)

  1. (literally) On, on top of.
  2. (figuratively) On.
  3. (with enclitic pronoun and followed by ל־) Must.
    • c. 3rd century, "Aleynu leshabei'ach":
      עָלֵינוּ לְשַׁבֵּחַ לַאֲדוֹן הַכֹּל
      Aleinu l'shabeach la'adon hakol
      We must praise the master of all
      (literally, “It is upon us to praise the master of all”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Various verbs are construed with the preposition על; for example, ויתר על (vitér al) means “to give up on”.

Inflection[edit]

Prefix[edit]

עַל (ál)

  1. Super-: above; more than; larger than.
    מִשְׁפָּחָה(mishpakhá, family)עַל־מִשְׁפָּחָה(ál-mishpakhá, superfamily)
    יַבֶּשֶׁת(yabéshet, continent)יַבֶּשֶׁת־עַל(yabéshet-ál, supercontinent)
    טִבְעִי(tiv'í, natural)עַל־טִבְעִי(ál-tiv'í, supernatural)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Typically used to form calques from English and other languages.
  • Sometimes attached to the following word via a hyphen; otherwise, separated by a space.
  • In some compounds, follows the base word as a suffix rather than preceding it as a prefix.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (super-): תת־(tát-, sub-)

Suffix[edit]

עַל (ál)

  1. Alternative form of the prefix; see above.