кто

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъto, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kto]
  • IPA(key): [xto] (phonetic respelling: хто) (South-European Russia, Ukraine, Belarus)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

кто ‎(kto)

  1. who
    Я не зна́ю, кто э́то сде́лал.Ja ne znáju, kto éto sdélal. ― I don’t know who did this.

Pronoun[edit]

кто ‎(kto)

  1. (relative pronoun) who
    Челове́к, кто э́то сде́лал.Čelovék, kto éto sdélal. ― The person who did this.
  2. (interrogative pronoun) who
    Кто э́то?Kto éto?Who’s this?

Declension[edit]

* Note: Letter "г ‎(g)" in genitive and accusative "кого́" is pronounced as /v/, not /g/.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]