кто

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Old East Slavic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

кто (kto)

  1. Alternative spelling of къто (kŭto)
    • 1377, Dmitry of Suzdal, Laurentian Codex[1], page 1:
      кто въ києвѣ нача первѣє кнѧжит и ѿкуду рускаꙗ ꙁемлѧ стала єсть⁘
      kto vŭ kievě nača pervěe knęžit i otŭkudu ruskaja zemlę stala estĭ⁘
      Who in Kiev first started to reign and whence the Russian land has started to be.

References[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • хто (xto)nonstandard, regional

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic къто (kŭto), from Proto-Slavic *kъto, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kto]
  • (South-European Russia, Ukraine, Belarus) IPA(key): [xto] (phonetic respelling: хто)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -o

Conjunction[edit]

кто (kto)

  1. who
    Я не зна́ю, кто э́то сде́лал.Ja ne znáju, kto éto sdélal.I don’t know who did this.

Pronoun[edit]

кто (ktom

  1. (relative pronoun) who
    Тот, кто э́то сде́лал.Tot, kto éto sdélal.The one who did it.
  2. (interrogative pronoun) who
    Кто э́то?Kto éto?Who’s this?

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]