kenning

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See also: Kenning

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English kenning, kening (instruction, teaching; experience, knowledge; sight, view),[1] from kennen (to make known, point out, reveal; to direct, instruct, teach; to know, perceive) + -ing. Kennen is derived from Old English cennan (to make known, declare),[2] from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną (to make known), the causative form of *kunnaną (to know, be familiar with, recognize; to be able to, know how), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know). Compare Danish kending (acquaintance), and see further at ken.

Noun[edit]

kenning (plural kennings)

  1. (obsolete) Sight, view; specifically a distant view at sea.
  2. (obsolete) The range or extent of vision, especially at sea; (by extension) a marine measure of approximately twenty miles.
  3. As little as one can discriminate or recognize; a small portion, a little.
    put in a kenning of salt

Verb[edit]

kenning

  1. present participle of ken.

Etymology 2[edit]

A diagram of a chicken egg. The two kennings, or chalazas, are numbered 4 and 13.

From ken (to beget, bring forth), from Middle English kennen (to beget, conceive (offspring); to give birth to), from Old English cennan, gecennan (to beget (offspring); to give birth to; to bring forth, produce);[3] see further at etymology 1.

Noun[edit]

kenning (plural kennings)

  1. (zoology) A chalaza or tread of an egg (a spiral band attaching the yolk of the egg to the eggshell); a cicatricula.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse, from kenna (to know; to perceive), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną (to make known); see further at etymology 1. Compare can, keen, ken.

Noun[edit]

Examples
  • whale road for ‘sea’
  • enemy of the mast for ‘wind’
  • ice of shields for ‘sword’

kenning (plural kennings)

  1. (poetry) A metaphorical phrase used in Germanic poetry (especially Old English or Old Norse) whereby a simple thing is described in an allusive way.
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ kenning(e, ger.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 January 2018.
  2. ^ kennen, v.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 January 2018.
  3. ^ kennen, v.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 January 2018.

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse kenning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kenning

  1. (poetry) kenning

Declension[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Etymology[edit]

From kenna +‎ -ing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kenning f (genitive singular kenningar, nominative plural kenningar)

  1. theory
  2. religious doctrine, teaching
  3. lesson
  4. (poetry) kenning (circumlocution used instead of an ordinary noun in Old Norse, Old English and later Icelandic poetry)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]