русский

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic русьскъ ‎(rusĭskŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ру́сский ‎(rússkij)

  1. Of or pertaining to Russia or the Russians.
    ру́сская во́дка‎ ― rússkaja vódka ― Russian vodka
    ру́сская вы́хухоль‎ ― rússkaja výxuxolʹ ― (Desmana moschata) Russian desman, Russian muskrat
    ру́сский замо́к‎ ― rússkij zamók ― Russian lock, Sklifosovsky’s lock
    ру́сский осётр‎ ― rússkij osjótr ― (Acipenser gueldenstaedti) Russian sturgeon
    ру́сский мороз‎ ― rússkij moroz ― russian frost (very cold weather)
    ру́сский «аво́сь»‎ ― rússkij “avósʹ” ― said about the alleged unconcern of Russians and their tendency to rely on luck
    ру́сский бале́т‎ ― rússkij balét ― Russian ballet
    ру́сский хокке́й‎ ― rússkij xokkéj ― Russian hockey
  2. (figuratively) Of a person, being from Russia.
    Русская Америка‎ ― Russkaja Amerika ― Russian America, meaning Russian-speaking people (not necessary belonging to the Russian ethnic group) living in USA

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ру́сский ‎(rússkijm anim, m inan ‎(genitive ру́сского, nominative plural ру́сские, genitive plural ру́сских, feminine ру́сская)

  1. (animate) Russian, an ethnic Russian person (for Russian national or resident, see россия́нин ‎(rossijánin))
    Вы ведь ру́сский?
    Vy vedʹ rússkij?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
    Вы ру́сский, не та́к-ли?
    Vy rússkij, ne ták-li?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
  2. (inanimate) the Russian language (short for ру́сский язы́к ‎(rússkij jazýk))
    Ты зна́ешь ру́сский?
    Ty znáješʹ rússkij?
    Do you know Russian?

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Do not confuse the noun or adjective русский with российский/россиянин, all of which translate to Russian.

The word русский, concerning a person or people, means pertaining to ethnic East Slavic Russians only, but not to other ethnic groups in Russia.
The word российский means pertaining to the state or nation of Russia.

See also[edit]

See also[edit]