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See also: русскій



From Old East Slavic русьскъ(rusĭskŭ); equivalent to Русь(Rusʹ, Rus) +‎ -ский(-skij, adjectival suffix).



ру́сский (rússkij)

  1. Of or pertaining to Russia or the Russians.
    ру́сская во́дка‎ ― rússkaja vódkaRussian vodka
    ру́сская вы́хухоль‎ ― rússkaja výxuxolʹ(Desmana moschata) Russian desman, Russian muskrat
    ру́сский замо́к‎ ― rússkij zamókRussian lock, Sklifosovsky’s lock
    ру́сский осётр‎ ― rússkij osjótr(Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) Russian sturgeon
    ру́сский мороз‎ ― rússkij morozrussian frost (very cold weather)
    ру́сский «аво́сь»‎ ― rússkij “avósʹ”said about the alleged unconcern of Russians and their tendency to rely on luck
    ру́сский бале́т‎ ― rússkij balétRussian ballet
    ру́сский хокке́й‎ ― rússkij xokkéjRussian hockey
  2. (figuratively) Of a person, being from Russia.
    Русская Америка‎ ― Russkaja AmerikaRussian America, meaning Russian-speaking people (not necessary belonging to the Russian ethnic group) living in USA


Derived terms[edit]


ру́сский (rússkijm anim, m inan (genitive ру́сского, nominative plural ру́сские, genitive plural ру́сских, feminine ру́сская)

  1. (animate) Russian, an ethnic Russian person (for Russian national or resident, see россия́нин(rossijánin))
    Вы ведь ру́сский?
    Vy vedʹ rússkij?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
    Вы ру́сский, не та́к-ли?
    Vy rússkij, ne ták-li?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
  2. (inanimate) the Russian language (short for ру́сский язы́к(rússkij jazýk))
    Ты зна́ешь ру́сский?
    Ty znáješʹ rússkij?
    Do you know Russian?


Usage notes[edit]

Do not confuse the noun or adjective русский with российский/россиянин, all of which translate to Russian.

The word русский, concerning a person or people, means pertaining to ethnic East Slavic Russians only, but not to other ethnic groups in Russia.
The word российский means pertaining to the state or nation of Russia.

See also[edit]

See also[edit]