русский

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: русскій

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic русьскъ (rusĭskŭ); equivalent to Русь (Rusʹ, Rus) +‎ -ский (-skij, adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ру́сский (rússkij)

  1. (also figuratively) Russian
    ру́сская во́дкаrússkaja vódkaRussian vodka
    ру́сская вы́хухольrússkaja výxuxolʹ(Desmana moschata) Russian desman, Russian muskrat
    ру́сский замо́кrússkij zamókRussian lock, Sklifosovsky’s lock
    ру́сский осётрrússkij osjótr(Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) Russian sturgeon
    ру́сский моро́зrússkij morózRussian frost (very cold weather)
    ру́сский «аво́сь» (said about the alleged unconcern of Russians and their tendency to rely on luck)rússkij “avósʹ”Russian serendipity
    ру́сский бале́тrússkij balétRussian ballet
    ру́сский хокке́йrússkij xokkéjRussian hockey
    Ру́сская Аме́рикаRússkaja AmérikaRussian America (Russian-speaking people living in the US)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ру́сский (rússkijm anim, m inan (genitive ру́сского, nominative plural ру́сские, genitive plural ру́сских, feminine ру́сская)

  1. (animate) Russian, an ethnic Russian person (for Russian national or resident, see россия́нин (rossijánin))
    Вы ведь ру́сский?
    Vy vedʹ rússkij?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
    Вы ру́сский, не та́к-ли?
    Vy rússkij, ne ták-li?
    You’re Russian, aren’t you?
  2. (inanimate) the Russian language (short for ру́сский язы́к (rússkij jazýk))
    Ты зна́ешь ру́сский?
    Ty znáješʹ rússkij?
    Do you know Russian?

Usage notes[edit]

Do not confuse the noun or adjective ру́сский (rússkij) with росси́йский (rossíjskij)/россия́нин (rossijánin), all of which translate to Russian.

The word ру́сский (rússkij), concerning a person or people, means pertaining to ethnic East Slavic Russians only, but not to other ethnic groups in Russia.
The word росси́йский (rossíjskij) means pertaining to the state or nation of Russia.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

See also[edit]