ведь

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Erzya[edit]

Noun[edit]

ведь ‎(vedʹ)

  1. water

Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *wete.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /vʲedʲ/

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Noun[edit]

ведь ‎(vedʹ)

  1. water
    • (2005), Apostolxnenʹ tevsna [Acts of the Apostles], Helsinki: Biblijanʹ jotaftoma institutsʹ [Institute for Bible Translation]
      Иоанн кстиндась ведьса, а тинь курок ульхтяда кстиндаф Иняру Ваймопожфса.
      Ioann kstindasʹ vedʹsa, a tinʹ kurok ulʹxtjada kstindaf Injaru Vajmopožfsa.
      John baptised with water but, not many days from now, you are going to be baptised with the Holy Spirit.
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1995) Učimsja govoritʹ po-mokšanski [Let's learn to speak Moksha], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, ISBN 5 7595 0965 9, page 32
      Стирсь моли эшии веденкса.
      Stirsʹ moli ešii vedenksa.
      The girl went to the well after [some] water.
    • B. V. Vsesvjatskij, Botanika: SREDNJaJ ŠKOLANʹDI TONAFNEMA KNIGA, 1933
      Оплодотворениясь тиендеви аньцек веца [sic? ведьса] сяс, мес живчикне алонь клеткатненди молевихть аньцек ведьга.
      Oplodotvorenijasʹ tijendevi anʹcek veca [sic? vedʹsa] sjas, mes živčikne alonʹ kletkatnendi molevixtʹ anʹcek vedʹga.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      Коське видьмеса [sic? видьмоса] ащи летьксь эжемста щиньфтась, и сяльдя пробиркать кельме стенканзон лангса меки арась ведькс.
      Kosʹke vidʹmesa [sic? vidʹmosa] ašči letʹksʹ ežemsta ščinʹftasʹ, i sjalʹdja probirkatʹ kelʹme stenkanzon langsa meki arasʹ vedʹks.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      Касыксса ведень шиньфтамась.
      Kasykssa vedenʹ šinʹftamasʹ.
      Water evaporation in a plant.
    • Botaniks mokšenʹ, KPR — Gardeners Club
      (..) конац аралай видьме ведьта.
      (..) konac aralaj vidʹme vedʹta.
      (..) whose protector seed out of water(?)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ V. I. Veršinin (2004) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ mordovskix (erzjanskogo i mokšanskogo) jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Mordvinic (Erzya and Moksha) languages], Joškar Ola, volume 1, page 45
  2. ^ Rédei, Károly (editor). 1986–88. Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch ('Uralic Etymological Dictionary'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic вѣдѣ ‎(vědě). Russian ведь is a former Proto-Indo-European root perfect *wóyd- with mediopassive ending -ai, with meaning "I have seen". Cognate with English wit (to wit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ведь ‎(vedʹ)

  1. after all
  2. indeed, surely
  3. why, well
  4. then, you know, you see
  5. isn’t it?
    Ведь уже́ по́здноVedʹ užé pózdno ― It’s late, isn’t it?
    Ведь он знато́кVedʹ on znatók ― After all, he’s an expert.
    Ведь я вам говори́л!Vedʹ ja vam govoríl! ― But I told you!

Conjunction[edit]

ведь ‎(vedʹ)

  1. you see, you know
    Он лежи́т, ведь он на про́шлой неде́ле заболе́л
    On ležít, vedʹ on na próšloj nedéle zabolél
    He’s in bed...he fell ill last week, you know.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]