замок

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Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замок (zamokm

  1. castle

Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Polish zamek, which is a calque via Czech zámek of Middle High German sloz(lock, keep), which, in turn, is a calque of Latin clūsa(lock, fort, fortification). Attested from the 17th century. Related to замыкать(zamykatʹ) (замкнуть(zamknutʹ)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

за́мок (zámokm inan (genitive за́мка, nominative plural за́мки, genitive plural за́мков)

  1. castle
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb замыкать(zamykatʹ, to close), from за-(za-) + -мкнуть, related to Old East Slavic промъкнѫти сѧ(promŭknǫti sę, to dash past, propagate, be carried) and Old Church Slavonic мъкнѫти сѧ(mŭknǫti sę, transpire). Cognate with Ukrainian замкнути(zamknuty), Belarusian мкнуць(mknucʹ), Bulgarian мъкна(mǎkna, pull out), Serbo-Croatian макнути(to move), Slovene makníti, Czech mknouti, Slovak mknúť, Polish mknąć(to move, push, encourage), whence Russian мчать(mčatʹ). Related to Lithuanian mùkti, munkù, mukaũ(be released, escape), Latvian mukt(knock off, slip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замо́к (zamókm inan (genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́, genitive plural замко́в)

  1. lock
    америка́нский замо́к‎ ― amerikánskij zamókspringlock
    англи́йский замо́к‎ ― anglíjskij zamókpatent lock
    на замке́‎ ― na zamkéunder lock and key
    под замко́м‎ ― pod zamkómunder lock and key
See also[edit]
Declension[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

за́мок (zámokm inan (genitive за́мку, nominative plural за́мки)

  1. castle
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замо́к (zamókm inan (genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́)

  1. lock
Declension[edit]

References[edit]