Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



Borrowed from Latin etiam.




  1. also, too


Alternative forms[edit]


From et (and, also) +‎ iam (now, already).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈɛt̪iä̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈet.t͡, [ˈɛt̪ː͡s̪iäm]
  • (file)


etiam (not comparable)

  1. (in general) and also, and furthermore, also, too, likewise, besides
  2. (in particular):
    1. (to annex a more important idea) and even, nay, even
      1. (frequently after negative sentences, for immo or potius) nay, rather, even
      2. (frequently with comparatives for the sake of intensity, in later Latin replaced by adhūc) yet, still
      3. (rare) with an adjective in the comparative degree, in contrast with that adjective’s own positive degree
    2. (with the demonstrative notion of the iam predominating, used as an affirmative) certainly, granted, by all means, yes indeed, yes
    3. (with the idea of time predominating) yet, as yet, even yet, still, even now
      1. (with negatives) not yet, never yet
    4. (in familiar language, in interrogations, especially when made indignantly) akin to what? pray?
    5. (in familiar language, with imperatives) again, once more
      1. in impatient questions

Usage notes[edit]

Etiam annexes a fact or thought to that which has already been said.


  • (in general: and also, too): quoque

Derived terms[edit]


  • Esperanto:
  • Interlingua: etiam
  • Italian: eziandio


  • ĕtĭam”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • etiam”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • etiam in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • more than once; repeatedly: semel atque iterum; iterum ac saepius; identidem; etiam atque etiam
    • to entreat earnestly; to make urgent requests: magno opere, vehementer, etiam atque etiam rogare aliquem
    • there is this also to notice: atque etiam hoc animadvertendum est
  • etiam in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016